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Table 1 Estimated population size, proportion of population that inject drug and the number of HIV-positive drug users*

From: Availability of HIV prevention and treatment services for people who inject drugs: findings from 21 countries

Country Population (all ages) Population (15-64 years) No of PWID1(range) No. of PWID that are HIV+* (range) % of HIV+ PWID**
Afghanistan 29,835,392 16,492,454 19,000-25,000 1,330-1,750 7
Bangladesh 158,570,535 96.847,950 20,000-40,000 1,600-3,200 8
Belarus 9,557,552 6,870,907 69,200-83,400 9,480-11,425 13.7
China 1,336,718,015 983,280,460 642,000 44,940-83,460 7-13
India 1,210,193,422 771,476,660 177,000-180,000 16,284-16,560 9.2
Indonesia 237.6 million 163,367,691 222,500 60,075 27
Kenya 41,070,934 22,634,399 30,000 10,800-12,900 36-43
Kazakhstan 16,455,000 11,028,216 186,000 5,580 3
Kyrgyzstan 5,587,443 3,656,055 _______ _______ _______
Lithuania 3.2 million 2,475,902 5,458 1,250 22.9
Mauritius 1,286,340 921,618 10,000 4,740 47.4
Moldova 4,314,377 3,193,494 25,000 4,450 17.8
Myanmar 53,999,804 36,442,403 75,000 27,750-28,500 37-38
Nepal 29,391,883 17,951,875 28,500 5,415 19
Nigeria 155,215,573 86,830,770 ________ _______ 8.918
Pakistan 187,342,721 113,072,889 125,000 26,250 21
Russia 142,905,208 99,594,130 2 million _______ _______
South Africa 49,054,031 32,259,360 67,0001 12,998 19.4
Tanzania 42,746,620 23,547,672 25,000-50,000 10,500-21,000 42
Ukraine 45,134,707 31,956,390 325000-425000 74,425-97,325 22.9
Vietnam 90,549,390 62,721,185 142,000 45,440-82,360 32-58
  1. 1 calculated from a national 2008 Survey.
  2. *An estimation of the number of PWID that were HIV positive by 2010. Where updated data was not available the latest reported prevalence was used, including periods 2006-2010. **Calculated at the midpoint of the range where applicable. ______ Data is not available.