Skip to main content

Table 4 Generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) logistic regression results: Predictors of continued drug-related risk behaviors

From: Predictors of continued HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy program in China—A prospective study

Variables Drug injection Syringe sharing
Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
Age 0.99 (0.98 ~ 0.99) *** 0.98(0.97 ~ 0.99) *** 0.97(0.96 ~ 0.98) *** 0.97(0.95 ~ 0.98)***
Years of drug use before MMT 1.03(1.02 ~ 1.04) *** 1.04(1.03 ~ 1.06) *** 1.03(1.02 ~ 1.05) *** 1.03(1.01 ~ 1.05)**
Sex     
 Male 1.55(1.35 ~ 1.79) *** 1.35(1.08 ~ 1.69) * 1.62(1.25 ~ 2.10) *** 1.27(0.90 ~ 1.79)
 Female Reference Reference Reference Reference
Employment status     
 Employed 0.96 (0.89 ~ 1.04) 0.85(0.74 ~ 0.97) * 1.04(0.92 ~ 1.17) 1.02(0.85 ~ 1.23)
 Unemployed Reference Reference Reference Reference
Education     
 Senior school or higher 0.69(0.61 ~ 0.78) *** 0.71(0.58 ~ 0.88) ** 0.61(0.49 ~ 0.75) *** 0.81(0.59 ~ 1.12)
 Junior school 1.00(0.91 ~ 1.11) 0.98(0.83 ~ 1.16) 1.03(0.23 ~ 4.67) *** 1.19(0.95 ~ 1.49)
 Primary school Reference Reference Reference Reference
Marriage status     
 Married 0.75(0.69 ~ 0.81) *** 0.81(0.71 ~ 0.93) ** 0.73(0.65 ~ 0.82) *** 0.91(0.75 ~ 1.10)
 Unmarried Reference Reference Reference Reference
HIV status     
 Positive 2.12(1.80 ~ 2.49) *** 1.70(1.23 ~ 2.35) ** 5.22(4.44 ~ 6.15) *** 4.73(3.53 ~ 6.35) ***
 Negative Reference Reference Reference Reference
HCV status     
 Positive 1.87(1.70 ~ 2.06) *** 2.58(2.19 ~ 3.04) *** 1.67(1.40 ~ 1.99) *** 1.97(1.51 ~ 2.58) ***
 Negative Reference Reference Reference Reference
MMT mean dosage 1.00a(1.00b ~ 1.00c) * 1.00d(0.99 ~ 1.00e) ** 1.00(1.00 ~ 1.00) 1.00(1.00 ~ 1.00)
Treatment adherence 0.42(0.36 ~ 0.48) *** 0.18(0.16 ~ 0.19) *** 0.34(0.30 ~ 0.38) *** 0.42(0.36 ~ 0.48) ***
Longest duration of abstinence 0.86(0.85 ~ 0.87) *** 0.91(0.89 ~ 0.93) *** 0.86(0.84 ~ 0.88) *** 0.92(0.89 ~ 0.95) ***
Unprotected sex     
 Yes 1.05(0.95 ~ 1.16) 1.13(0.99 ~ 1.29) 1.13(0.96 ~ 1.33) 1.27(1.06 ~ 1.53) ***
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
Multiple sexual partners     
 Yes 1.11(0.96 ~ 1.29) 0.91(0.75 ~ 1.12) 1.42(1.15 ~ 1.77) ** 1.49(1.17 ~ 1.90) **
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001.
  2. Exact value: a: 0.998; b: 0.996; c: 0.999; d: 0.995; e: 0.998.