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Table 5 Generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) logistic regression results: Predictors of continued sexual risk behaviors

From: Predictors of continued HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy program in China—A prospective study

Variables Unprotected sex Multiple sexual partners
Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
Age 1.03(1.03 ~ 1.04) *** 1.02(1.01 ~ 1.03) *** 0.97(0.96 ~ 0.98) *** 0.98(0.97 ~ 1.00a) *
Years of drug use before MMT 1.02(1.01 ~ 1.03) *** 1.01(1.00b ~ 1.02) * 0.99(0.97 ~ 1.00) 0.99(0.98 ~ 1.01)
Gender     
 Male 1.03(0.86 ~ 1.22) 1.10(0.92 ~ 1.32) 0.80(0.60 ~ 1.08) 0.80(0.59 ~ 1.08)
 Female Reference Reference Reference Reference
Employment status     
 Employed 0.80(0.72 ~ 0.88) *** 0.82(0.74 ~ 0.91) *** 1.09(0.93 ~ 1.27) 1.16(0.99 ~ 1.36)
 Unemployed Reference Reference Reference Reference
Education     
 Senior school or higher 1.08(0.92 ~ 1.26) 1.11(0.94 ~ 1.31) 0.94(0.73 ~ 1.22) 0.98(0.75 ~ 1.27)
 Junior school 0.99(0.87 ~ 1.12) 1.02(0.89 ~ 1.17) 1.16(0.95 ~ 1.42) 1.11(0.90 ~ 1.36)
 Primary school Reference Reference Reference Reference
Marriage status     
 Married 1.43(1.30 ~ 1.58) *** 1.35(1.21 ~ 1.50) *** 0.57(0.49 ~ 0.67) *** 0.58(0.49 ~ 0.69) ***
 Unmarried Reference Reference Reference Reference
HIV status     
 Positive 0.43(0.34 ~ 0.55) *** 0.43(0.33 ~ 0.55) *** 0.61(0.42 ~ 0.89) * 0.49 (0.33 ~ 0.74) **
 Negative Reference Reference Reference Reference
HCV status     
 Positive 0.97(0.85 ~ 1.11) 0.84(0.73 ~ 0.96) *** 1.48(1.21 ~ 1.83) *** 1.47(1.18 ~ 1.84) **
 Negative Reference Reference Reference Reference
MMT mean dosage 0.99(0.99 ~ 1.00c) *** 1.00d(0.99 ~ 1.00e) *** 1.00(1.00 ~ 1.00) 1.00(1.00 ~ 1.01)
Treatment adherence 1.00f(0.99 ~ 1.00g) * 0.99(0.99 ~ 1.00h) *** 0.98(0.97 ~ 0.99) *** 0.98(0.97 ~ 0.99) ***
Longest duration of abstinence 0.99(0.97 ~ 1.00i) * 0.96(0.94 ~ 0.98) *** 0.97(0.95 ~ 0.99) ** 0.97 (0.95 ~ 1.00j) *
Drug injection     
 Yes 1.12(0.99 ~ 1.27) 0.75(0.65 ~ 0.86)*** 0.92(0.75 ~ 1.13) 0.93(0.74 ~ 1.15)
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
Syringes sharing     
 Yes 0.88(0.77 ~ 1.00) 0.97(0.84 ~ 1.12) 0.77(0.63 ~ 0.93) ** 0.77(0.63 ~ 0.95) *
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001.
  2. Exact value: a: 0.999; b: 1.001 c: 0. 996; d: 0.996; e: 0.998; f: 0.996; g: 0.999; h: 0.997; i: 0.999; j: 0.996.