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Table 4 Coding framework (selected examples): from reduced categories to final coding framework

From: Variability and dilemmas in harm reduction for anabolic steroid users in the UK: a multi-area interview study

Refined and reduced categories Final coding framework
Injection injuries Perceptions of harm (in steroid users)
Adverse effects
Notions of harm in intravenous/psychoactive drug users
Advice from service providers Disparity between using practices (service providers contra steroid users)
Preferences and viewpoints amongst users
Negative peer influence
Perceptions of syringe distribution limitation Needle and syringe distribution models
Experiences with outreach-based distribution through users
Notions of key users as distributors Boundaries of harm reduction
Steroid regimen information
Positive outcome of steroid regimen information
Negative views on steroid regimen advice Steroid clinic function
Steroid clinics versus conventional needle and syringe programmes
Positive notions of specialised interventions
Negative outcome of specialised interventions