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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents by smoking status (GYTS): Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Nepal

From: Anti-smoking initiatives and current smoking among 19,643 adolescents in South Asia: findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Factor Non-smoker (n = 18,587) Current smoker (n = 1,056) p valuea
n % n %
Gender
  Male 9,988 53.7 847 80.2 <0.001
  Female 8,599 46.3 209 19.8  
Age (years)
  ≤ 14 12,218 65.7 582 55.1 <0.001
  15–17 6,369 34.3 474 44.9  
Family discussed about harmful effects of smoking
  Yes 11,607 62.4 602 57 <0.001
  No 6,980 37.6 454 43  
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen on media
  A lot 9,221 49.6 335 33.6 <0.001
  A few 5,527 29.7 412 39  
  None 3,839 20.7 289 27.4  
Frequency of anti-smoking messages seen at social gatherings
  A lot 5,044 27.1 305 28.9 <0.001
  Sometimes 6,530 35.1 531 50.3  
  Never 2,536 13.6 108 10.2  
  I never go 4,477 24.1 112 10.6  
Taught dangers of smoking at school
  Yes 10,169 54.7 438 41.5 <0.001
  No 6,625 35.6 488 46.2  
  Not sure 1,793 9.6 130 12.3  
Discussed at school about why people of the respondent's age smoke
  Yes 6,998 37.6 413 39.1 0.388
  No 9,220 49.6 501 47.4  
  Not sure 2,369 12.7 142 7.00  
When was last discussed about smoking and health as part of a lesson
  This term 4,170 22.4 213 20.2 <0.001
  Previous terms 5,611 30.2 453 42.9  
  Never 8,806 47.4 390 36.9  
  1. ap values were calculated using the chi-squared test.