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Table 2 Study participants and demographics

From: Development and validation of an Opioid Attractiveness Scale: a novel measure of the attractiveness of opioid products to potential abusers

Characteristic Number (%) of participants
Pre-Concept Mapping Concept Mapping Developmental sample Confirmation sample Substance abuse experts (validation) sample
Total number of participants 16 36 38 42 12
Age (years) Mean ± SD 39.08 ± 9.38 38.2 ± 9.0 39.3 ± 12.2 37.8 ± 9.7 45.5 ± 8.1
Gender 8 (50) male 10 (33) male 22 (58) male 27 (64) male 6 (50) male
  8 (50) female 20 (67) female 15 (39) female 13 (31) female 6 (50) female
    1 (3) missing 2 (5) missing  
Race      
- White 15 (94) 22 (73) 23 (61) 23 (55) 9 (75)
- African-American 1 (6) 2 (7) 3 (8) 6 (14) 0
- Hispanic 0 5 (17) 10 (26) 11 (26) 3 (25)
- Other 0 1 (3) 2 (5) 1 (2) 0
- Missing 0 0 0 1 (2) 0
Residence      
- Urban 12 (81) 25 (83) 28 (74) 33 (79) 5 (42)
- Rural 3 (19) 5 (17) 10 (26) 8 (19) 7 (58)
- Missing 0 0 0 0 0
Casual users 3 (19) 7 (19) 8 (21) 9 (21) 0
Substance abuse clients 2 (12) 14 (39) 30 (79) 33 (79) 0
Pain patients 4 (25) 6 (17) 0 0 0
Impaired professionals 3 (19) 3 (8) 0 0 0
Substance abuse experts 4 (25) 6 (17) 0 0 0