Skip to main content

Table 4 Tobacco smoking and elevation of CEA concentrations

From: Hookah smoking and cancer: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in exclusive/ever hookah smokers

CEA mean levels (ng/ml) Smokers Non-smokers
Fukuda et al12 3.11 ± 1.8 (n = 467) 2.14 ± 1.8 (n = 874)
Alexander et al11 2.7 (n = 154) 1.9 (n = 122)
Naghilbahossaini et al16 1.84 ± 0.97 (n = 44). Opium smokers: 3.09 ± 3.00 (n = 128) 1.77 ± 0.86 (n = 47)
  1. CEA mean levels in smokers and non-smokers in the available literature