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Table 3 Proportions of most involved bettors (MIB)1 among users who did and did not exceed deposit limits

From: Virtual harm reduction efforts for Internet gambling: effects of deposit limits on actual Internet sports gambling behavior

  Fixed-odds (n = 46267)   Live-action (n = 32277)  
MIB group Users who did
exceed limits
(n = 159)
Users who
did not
exceed limits
(n = 46108)
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
Users who
did exceed
limits
(n = 149)
Users who
did not
exceed limits
(n = 32128)
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
Total number of bets 6.3% 1.0% 6.78 (3.55 – 12.95) 6.0% 1.0% 6.53 (3.30 – 12.94)
Total amount of wagers 8.8% 1.0% 9.84 (5.64 – 17.17) 11.4% 0.9% 13.44 (8.01 – 22.55)
Net loss 9.4% 1.0% 10.64 (6.20 – 18.26) 12.1% 0.9% 14.38 (8.68 – 23.85)
  1. 1MIB are defined as the top 1% of the sample regarding the total number of bets, total amount of wagers, and net loss on fixed-odds or live-action betting.