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Table 3 Risk behaviors among study participants

From: Seroprevalence of select bloodborne pathogens and associated risk behaviors among injection drug users in the Paso del Norte region of the United States – Mexico border

  Doña Ana County, NM
(n = 100)
Ciudad Juárez, MX
(n = 204)
El Paso, TX
(n = 155)
Chi-square p-value a All sites
(n = 459)
In the past 6 months, how often did you inject drugs?      
   Less than daily 43 (43.0) 5 (2.5) 49 (31.6)   97 (21.1)
   Several times a day 55 (55.0) 198 (97.1) 100 (64.5) < 0.0001 353 (76.9)
   No answer 2 (2.0) 1 (0.5) 6 (3.9)   9 (2.0)
In the past 6 months, how often have you used a needle that you knew had been used before?      
   Never 60 (60.0) 71 (34.8) 14 (9.0)   145 (31.6)
   Share 38 (38.0) 132 (64.7) 97 (62.6) < 0.0001 267 (58.2)
   No answer 2 (2.0) 1 (0.5) 44 (28.4)   47 (10.2)
Are you aware of any needle exchange programs in your area?      
   No 29 (29.0) 174 (85.3) 135 (87.1)   338 (73.6)
   Yes 71 (71.0) 29 (14.2) 17 (11.0) < 0.0001 117 (25.5)
   No answer 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5) 3 (1.9)   4 (0.9)
Which of the following drugs do you inject most often in the past 6 months?      
   Heroin 69 (69.0) 82 (40.2) 103 (66.5)   254 (55.3)
   Cocaine 17 (17.0) 4 (2.0) 29 (18.7)   50 (10.9)
   Speedball (heroin + cocaine) 2 (2.0) 84 (41.2) 14 (9.0)   100 (21.8)
   Other 5 (5.0) 10 (4.9) 6 (3.9) < 0.0001 21 (4.6)
   No answer 7 (7.0) 24 (11.8) 3 (1.9)   34 (7.4)
  1. a Chi-square test of independence used to observe differences across sites.