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Table 3 Drugs identified in toxicological screens of illicit drugs.

From: The context of illicit drug overdose deaths in British Columbia, 2006

Drugs (%) Vancouver (n = 54) Outside Vancouver (n = 169) Total (n = 223)
Opiates* alone 2 (3.7) 5 (3.0) 7 (3.1)
Opiates and cocaine alone 17 (31.5) 32 (18.9) 49 (22.0)
Opiates and alcohol alone 2 (3.7) 4 (2.4) 6 (2.7)
Opiates and other drug(s) 3 (5.6) 11 (6.5) 14 (6.3)
Opiates, cocaine, and other drug(s) 5 (9.3) 28 (16.6) 33 (14.8)
Opiates, alcohol, and other drug(s) 0 2 (1.2) 2 (0.9)
Opiates, cocaine, and alcohol alone 9 (16.7) 9 (5.3) 18 (8.1)
Opiates, cocaine, alcohol, and other drug(s) 2 (3.7) 2 (1.2) 4 (1.8)
Cocaine alone 4 (7.4) 30 (17.8) 34 (15.2)
Cocaine and alcohol alone 0 10 (5.9) 10 (4.5)
Cocaine and other drug(s) 6 (11.1) 20 (11.8) 26 (11.7)
Cocaine, alcohol, and other drug(s) 1 (1.9) 4 (2.4) 5 (2.2)
Methadone alone 0 1 (0.6) 1 (0.4)
Other** 3 (5.6) 11 (6.5) 14 (6.3)
  1. *Opiates include heroin, morphine, and codeine and exclude methadone. Other drugs include methamphetamine, amphetamine, benzodiazepines, and anti-depressants. Methadone was considered 'other drug' in cases where it was not present alone.
  2. **Alcohol was identified in 6 cases