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Table 2 Patterns of Drug Usage among IDUs

From: Risk behaviours among HIV positive injecting drug users in Myanmar: a case control study

Variable   HIV n (%) Chi squared p value Odds ratio 95% CI
  Yes No     
First drug use experience Friends 62 (79.5%) 116 (83.5%)     
Family 1 (1.3%) 0 (0%)     
Sex worker 2 (2.6%) 0 (0%)     
Other 13 (16.7%) 23 (16.5%)     
First drug used # Opium 28 (31.5%) 32 (19.3%)     
Heroin 46 (51.7%) 90 (54.2%)     
Cough mixture 4 (4.5%) 6 (3.6%)     
Diazepam 6 (6.7%) 11 (6.6%)     
Marijuana 5 (5.6%) 27 (16.3%)     
Present Drugs used # Opium 9 (9.8%) 9 (5.2%)     
Heroin 71 (77.2%) 131 (76.2%)     
Cough mixture 4 (4.4%) 2 (1.2%)     
Diazepam 3 (3.3%) 15 (8.7%)     
Marijuana 5 (5.4%) 15 (8.7%)     
Age first used drugs <=21 45 (57.7%) 97 (69.8%) 3.23 0.05   
=>22 33 (42.3%) 42 (30.2%)     
Drug use frequency per day <=2 13 (16.7%) 26 (18.7%)     
2-4 62 (79.5%) 106 (76.3%)     
>=5 3 (3.9%) 7 (5.0%)     
Drug use expenditure <=3000 38 (55.9%) 56 (40.3%) 3.55 0.05   
3001-8000 20 (29.4%) 49 (35.3%)     
>=8001 10 (14.8%) 34 (24.5%)     
Reason for drug use Like 9 (11.5%) 24 (17.3%) 4.46 0.04   
Experiment 21 (26.9%) 49 (35.3%)     
Relaxation 3 (3.8%) 4 (2.9%)     
Peer press 35 (44.9%) 49 (35.3%)     
Upset 5 (6.4%) 11 (7.9%)     
Other 5 (6.4%) 2 (1.4%)     
  1. # Multiple response