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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics for rural (n = 101) and urban (n = 111) drug users

From: Route of administration for illicit prescription opioids: a comparison of rural and urban drug users

Descriptive characteristics Rural
n (%)
Urban
n (%)
Total
n (%)
P value
Male 57 (58.2) 56 (50.9) 113 (54.3) 0.294
White 96 (95.0) 11 (9.9) 107 (50.5) < 0.001
Age - median (IQR) 33 (27 - 43) 42 (30 - 49) 37 (29 - 47) 0.004
Years in county - median (IQR) 31.0 (25 - 37) 30.5 (16.5 - 43) 31.0 (23 - 41) 0.467
Years of formal education - median (IQR) 12.0 (9 - 12) 12 (12 - 14) 12.0 (10 - 12.5) < 0.001
Recent legal income*- median (IQR) $600 (300 - 800) $720.50 (468 - 1289) $665 (400 - 1020) 0.003
Employed in Past 30 Days 43 (42.6) 61 (55.0) 104 (49.1) 0.072
Receives Pension for Disability 21 (20.8) 21 (18.9) 42 (19.8) 0.733
Married/Remarried 29 (28.7) 16 (14.4) 45 (21.2) 0.011
Non-religious 64 (63.4) 30 (27.0) 94 (44.3) < 0.001
Uninsured 57 (56.4) 68 (61.3) 125 (59.0) 0.488
Has Chronic Medical Problem 57 (56.4) 49 (44.1) 106 (50.0) 0.074
Prescribed Medication for Physical Problem 36 (35.6) 58 (52.3) 94 (44.3) 0.015
Ever Treated for Drug/Alcohol Problem 49 (48.5) 48 (43.2) 97 (45.8) 0.442
ASI Composite Drug Use Score - median (IQR) 0.26 (0.14 - 0.34) 0.08 (0.03 - 0.17) 0.16 (0.06 - 0.28) < 0.001
Psychiatric characteristics     
   Major Depressive Disorder 47 (46.5) 28 (25.2) 75 (35.4) 0.001
   Generalized Anxiety Disorder 41 (40.6) 38 (34.2) 79 (37.3) 0.339
   Post-traumatic Stress Disorder 20 (19.8) 13 (11.7) 33 (15.6) 0.105
   Anti-social Personality Disorder 32 (31.7) 31 (27.9) 63 (29.7) 0.550
  1. IQR - Interquartile range, ASI - Addiction Severity Index [47]
  2. * Income in past 30 days from employment, unemployment compensation, welfare, pension, benefits, social security, mate, family, friends, or child support