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Table 1 Univariate analysis of factors associated with malnutrition among a cohort of street-involved youth (n = 509)

From: Methamphetamine use and malnutrition among street-involved youth

  Being at risk of malnutrition in the last six months     
Characteristic* No ( n = 404) Yes ( n = 105) Total OR 95% CI p value
Age       
   Median (and IQR) 21.8 (19.8 - 23.7) 22.7 (20.7 - 24.3)   1.10 (1.01 - 1.19) 0.024
Gender       
   Male 284 (70.3) 76 (72.4) 360    
   Female 120 (29.7) 29 (27.6) 149 0.90 (0.56 - 1.46) 0.676
Caucasian ethnicity       
   No 129 (31.2) 25 (23.8) 154    
   Yes 275 (68.1) 80 (76.2) 355 1.50 (0.91 - 2.46) 0.107
Injecting in public       
   No 318 (78.7) 74 (70.5) 392    
   Yes 86 (21.3) 31 (29.5) 117 1.55 (0.96 - 2.51) 0.074
Requiring help injecting       
   No 378 (93.6) 97 (92.4) 475    
   Yes 26 (6.4) 8 (7.6) 34 1.20 (0.53 - 2.73) 0.665
Non-injection crystal methamphetamine use       
   No 237 (58.7) 49 (46.7) 286    
   Yes 167 (41.3) 56 (53.3) 223 1.62 (1.05 - 2.49) 0.027
Crack use       
   No 180 (44.5) 34 (32.4) 214    
   Yes 224 (55.5) 71 (67.6) 295 1.68 (1.07 - 2.64) 0.024
Injection crystal methamphetamine use       
   No 334 (82.7) 78 (74.3) 412    
   Yes 70 (17.3) 27 (25.7) 97 1.65 (0.99 - 2.75) 0.051
Injection heroin use       
   No 330 (81.7) 76 (72.4) 406    
   Yes 74 (18.3) 29 (27.6) 103 1.70 (1.04 - 2.80) 0.035
Injection cocaine use       
   No 364 (90.1) 96 (91.4) 460    
   Yes 40 (9.9) 9 (8.6) 49 0.85 (0.40 - 1.82) 0.681
Non-injection opiate use       
   No 382 (94.6) 96 (91.4) 478    
   Yes 22 (5.5) 9 (8.6) 31 1.63 (0.73 - 3.65) 0.233
  1. Note: CI = Confidence Interval; IQR = Interquartile Range
  2. *All drug use variables were defined as ever in the last six months.