Skip to main content

Table 2 Smoking-Adjusted Summary Relative Risks (RR) for Smokeless Tobacco Use and Other Cancers

From: The scientific foundation for tobacco harm reduction, 2006-2011

Site (number of studies) RR, (95% Confidence Interval)
Stomach (8) 1.03 (0.88 - 1.20)
Any Digestive (5) 0.86 (0.59 - 1.25)
Larynx (2) 1.34 (0.61 - 2.95)
Prostate (4) 1.29 (1.07 - 1.55)
Bladder (10) 0.95 (0.71 - 1.25)
Kidney (5) 1.09 (0.69 - 1.71)
Lymphoma (3) 1.35 (0.62 - 2.94)
All Cancer (7) 0.98 (0.84 - 1.15)
  1. Source: Lee and Hamling [4].