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Table 2 Variables independently associated with HIV and hepatitis B and C infection in logistic regression analysis among a cohort of male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan (N = 483)

From: Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment

Variable Adjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI
HIV:   
Ever share needles or syringes 5.96 1.58 - 22.38
Initiated injecting outside Afghanistan* 3.41 0.83 - 14.27
Hepatitis B Virus:   
Daily income 1.01 1.00 - 1.01
Current needle and syringe program use 0.36 0.14 - 0.94
Hepatitis C Virus:   
Ever have abscess at injecting site 2.22 1.33 - 3.70
Ever share needles or syringes 2.33 1.38 - 3.95
Initiated injecting outside Afghanistan 1.95 1.26 - 3.04
Frequency daily injections (# injections) 1.47 1.11 - 1.94
Duration of injecting (per year) 1.05 1.00 - 1.10
Age (per year) 1.04 1.01 - 1.07
  1. *Marginal significance (p = 0.087)
  2. Most parsimonious models displayed.
  3. CI = Confidence Interval
  4. N = Number