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Table 3 Variables associated with needle and syringe program (NSP) use at enrollment among male IDUs in Kabul, Afghanistan in univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis (N = 483)

From: Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment

  NSP Users (N = 258) NSP Non-Users (N = 222)  
Variable Mean, SD Mean, SD OR, 95% CI
Frequency of daily injection 5.78+0.70 5.55+0.94 1.43, 1.12 - 1.82
  N, % N, %  
Lived outside last 5 years 156, 60.5% 154, 69.7% 0.66, 0.45 - 0.97
Prior incarceration 174, 67.4% 128, 57.9% 1.51, 1.04 - 2.19
Share injecting works last 3 mos 83, 32.2% 49, 22.1% 1.67, 1.11 - 2.53
Initiate drug use with injecting 28, 10.9% 11, 5.0% 2.34, 1.14 - 4.83
Perceived need for addiction therapy 243, 94.9% 219, 99.1% 0.17, 0.04 - 0.76
Receipt of prior addiction treatment* 45, 17.4% 25, 11.3% 1.66, 0.98 - 2.82
Homeless at enrollment* 66, 25.6% 42, 18.9% 1.47, 0.95 - 2.28
Multivariable Model: AOR 95% CI
Initiated drug use with injecting 2.58 1.22 - 5.44
Shared injecting works in last 3 months 1.79 1.16 - 2.77
Prior incarceration 1.57 1.06 - 2.32
Frequency of daily injection 1.40 1.08 - 1.82
Lived outside Afghanistan in the last 5 years 0.61 0.41 - 0.91
Perceived need for addiction treatment 0.15 0.03 - 0.70
  1. AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio
  2. CI = confidence interval
  3. N = number
  4. OR = odds ratio
  5. SD = Standard Deviation
  6. *marginal significance (p = 0.057 - 0.082)