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Table 1 Randomized trials examining parenting outcomes of integrated programs

From: Integrated programs for mothers with substance abuse issues: A systematic review of studies reporting on parenting outcomes

Study n Groups Measure Time point Effect Size (SE) p Treatment Group % Control Group % Study Quality
Huber [35] Treatment:82
Control:77
Integrated residential treatment vs standard outpatient treatment CPS Involvement Prenatal (Intake)    22 14 1/5
     1 Year Postpartum    46 47  
Huber [35] Treatment: 81
Control: 77
Integrated outpatient treatment vs standard outpatient treatment CPS Involvement Prenatal (Intake)    17 14 1/5
     1 Year Postpartum    46 47  
Luthar & Suchman [36] Treatment: 32
Control: 20
Treatment: 28
Control: 19
Standard methadone treatment plus maternal psychotherapy vs. standard methadone treatment PARQb Discharge 0.54 (0.29) 0.063    3/5
     6-month follow-up 0.57 (0.30) 0.060    
    PCRIc - Affective Interaction Discharge 0.94 (0.30) 0.002    
     6-month follow-up 0.54 (0.30) 0.074    
    PCRI - Limit Setting Discharge 0.08 (0.29) 0.779    
     6-month follow-up 0.20 (0.30) 0.502    
    PCRI - Autonomy Discharge 0.13 (0.29) 0.649    
     6-month follow-up 0.33 (0.31) 0.270    
    PCRI - Parenting Support Discharge 0.00 (0.29) 1.000    
     6-month follow-up 0.21 (0.30) 0.481    
    PCRI - Parenting Satisfaction Discharge 0.49 (0.29) 0.090    
     6-month follow-up 0.35 (0.30) 0.242    
Luthar et al. [37] Treatment: 60
Control: 67
Standard methadone treatment plus maternal psychotherapy vs. Standard methadone treatment plus recovery training PARQ Discharge 0.23 (0.18) 0.206    3/5
     6-month follow-up 0.13 (0.18) 0.471    
    PCRI - Affective Interaction Discharge 0.11 (0.18) 0.527    
     6-month follow-up 0.15 (0.18) 0.400    
    PCRI - Parenting Satisfaction Discharge 0.10 (0.18) 0.590    
     6-month follow up 0.18 (0.18) 0.313    
Suchman et al. [38, 39] Treatment: 23
Control: 24
Outpatient substance abuse treatment plus attachment-based parenting intervention vs outpatient substance abuse treatment plus parent education WMCId acceptance Discharge -0.04 (0.29) 0.886    2/5
    WMCI involvement Discharge 0.13 (0.29) 0.653    
    WMCI coherence Discharge 0.02 (0.29) 0.949    
    WMCI openness Discharge 0.04 (0.29) 0.897    
    WMCI sensitivity Discharge 0.50 (0.30) 0.092    
    WMCI quality of representations 6-week follow-up 0.22 (0.29) 0.455    
    NCASTe caregiving behavior Discharge 0.70 (0.30) 0.020    
     6-week follow-up 0.12 (0.29) 0.678    
    PDIf reflective functioning Discharge 0.61 (0.30) 0.042    
     6-week follow-up 0.22 (0.29) 0.452    
    PDI self-focused reflective functioning 6-week follow-up -0.22 (0.29) 0.452    
    PDI child-focused reflective functioning 6-week follow-up 0.03 (0.29) 0.93    
  1. aCPS = Child Protection Services
  2. bPARQ = Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire - Maternal report of maltreatment risk
  3. cPCRI = Parent-child Relationship Inventory
  4. dWMCI = Working Model of the Child Interview
  5. eNCAST = The Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training
  6. fPDI = Parent Development Interview