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Table 2 HIV risk information for men who inject drugs in Manipur and Nagaland, by state (2009)

From: Sexual behaviours of men who inject drugs in Northeast India

Variable Manipur ( N = 1,657) Nagaland ( N = 1,705) Total
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Injecting behaviours
 Duration of injecting (years)a
  ≤1 285 (17.3) 471 (27.8) 756 (22.6)
  2–5 636 (38.5) 943 (55.7) 1,579 (47.2)
  6–10 422 (25.6) 234 (13.8) 656 (19.6)
  >10 307 (18.6) 46 (2.7) 353 (10.6)
 Most common drug injecteda
  Heroin 1,578 (95.2) 273 (16.0) 1,851 (55.1)
  SP and others 79 (4.8) 1,432 (84.0) 1,511 (44.9)
 Injects at least once dailya
  No 525 (32.5) 1,174 (77.9) 1,699 (54.4)
  Yes 1,090 (67.5) 333 (22.1) 1,423 (45.6)
 Shared NS at last injectiona
  No 1,598 (96.5) 1,118 (69.8) 2,716 (83.4)
  Yes 58 (3.5) 484 (30.2) 542 (16.6)
 Generally injects with a previously used syringe
  No 1,089 (66.0) 1,113 (66.1) 2,202 (66.0)
  Yes 562 (34.0) 571 (33.9) 1,133 (34.0)
 Number of people shared with during the last montha
  None 1,368 (86.3) 939 (59.5) 2,307 (73.0)
  ≥1 217 (13.7) 638 (40.5) 855 (27.0)
Sexual behaviours
 Ever had sexa
  No 205 (12.4) 136 (8.0) 341 (10.1)
  Yes 1,452 (87.6) 1,568 (92.0) 3,020 (89.9)
 No. of female partners in the last year*a
  None 301 (20.7) 112 (7.3) 413 (13.8)
  One 758 (52.2) 588 (38.2) 1,346 (45.0)
  2–5 329 (22.7) 653 (42.5) 982 (32.8)
  ≥6 64 (4.4) 185 (12.0) 249 (8.3)
 Has a regular partner*a
  No 608 (41.9) 351 (22.5) 959 (31.8)
  Yes 844 (58.1) 1,208 (77.5) 2,052 (68.2)
 Time with regular partnera
  <1 year 104 (12.3) 307 (25.9) 411 (20.2)
  ≥1 year 739 (87.7) 880 (74.1) 1,619 (79.8)
 No. of times had sex with regular partner in the last montha
  0 182 (21.6) 64 (5.3) 246 (12.0)
  1–5 415 (49.2) 720 (59.6) 1,135 (55.3)
  6–10 143 (16.9) 282 (23.3) 425 (20.7)
  >10 104 (12.3) 142 (11.8) 246 (12.0)
 Used condom with regular partner last time
  No 486 (58.6) 716 (59.9) 1,202 (59.4)
  Yes 343 (41.4) 479 (40.1) 822 (40.6)
 Consistent condom use with regular partner
  No 754 (90.6) 1,054 (88.3) 1,808 (89.3)
  Yes 78 (9.4) 139 (11.7) 217 (10.7)
 Had casual sex in the last year*a
  No 1,104 (76.0) 864 (55.8) 1,968 (65.6)
  Yes 348 (24.0) 684 (44.2) 1,032 (34.4)
 Used condom with casual partner last timea
  No 128 (36.1) 173 (24.9) 301 (28.6)
  Yes 227 (63.9) 523 (75.1) 750 (71.4)
 Consistent condom use with casual partnersa
  No 280 (78.7) 472 (67.6) 752 (71.3)
  Yes 76 (21.3) 226 (32.4) 302 (28.7)
 Paid for sex in the last year*a
  No 1,258 (86.6) 1,468 (94.2) 2,726 (90.6)
  Yes 194 (13.4) 90 (5.8) 284 (9.4)
 Used condom with a paid partner last timea
  No 15 (7.7) 23 (24.7) 38 (13.2)
  Yes 179 (92.3) 70 (75.3) 249 (86.8)
 Consistent condom use with paid partners
  No 101 (52.1) 57 (61.3) 158 (55.1)
  Yes 93 (47.9) 36 (38.7) 129 (44.9)
 Ever had sex with a mana
  No 1,590 (96.1) 1,686 (99.0) 3,276 (97.6)
  Yes 64 (3.9) 17 (1.0) 81 (2.4)
HIV and syphilis
 Feels at risk of HIV
  No 780 (49.6) 734 (51.5) 1,514 (50.6)
  Yes 791 (50.4) 690 (48.5) 1,481 (49.4)
 Ever had an HIV testa
  No 777 (47.0) 941 (58.0) 1,718 (52.4)
  Yes 877 (53.0) 681 (42.0) 1,558 (47.6)
 HIV positive**a
  No 568 (69.2) 817 (98.6) 1,385 (83.9)
  Yes 253 (30.8) 12 (1.4) 265 (16.1)
 Syphilis positive**a
  No 789 (96.1) 718 (86.6) 1,507 (91.3)
  Yes 32 (3.9) 111 (13.4) 143 (8.7)
Programme exposure
 Received condoms from NGOa
  No 628 (37.9) 777 (45.9) 1,405 (41.8)
  Yes 1,029 (62.1) 927 (54.4) 1,956 (58.2)
 Received NS from NGOa
  No 203 (12.3) 631 (37.0) 834 (24.8)
  Yes 1,454 (87.7) 1,074 (63.0) 2,528 (75.2)
  1. NS = needle and syringe/s.
  2. a p < 0.001.
  3. *Among those reporting ever having sex. **Those from the IBBA database only.