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Table 1 Comparison of treatment outcomes before and after MMT in heroin users with and without HIV infection

From: Comparison of outcomes after 3-month methadone maintenance treatment between heroin users with and without HIV infection: a 3-month follow-up study

  Heroin users with p Heroin users without p
  HIV infection HIV infection
  Mean (SD) or n (%) Mean (SD) or n (%)
  Baseline 3 months after receiving MMT   Baseline 3 months after receiving MMT  
Severity of heroin dependence on the SDS[Ch] 9.10 (2.89) 5.60 (2.57) <0.0001a 9.27 (2.91) 6.30 (2.36) <0.0001a
Severity of harm caused by heroin use 14.77 (5.29) 7.00 (6.31) <0.0001a 13.69 (4.98) 8.34 (6.31) <0.0001a
Current heroin use 30 (100) 24 (80) <0.0001b 212 (100) 153 (72.17) <0.0001b
Severity of depressive symptoms on the CES-D 20.48 (9.11) 19.60 (10.45) .856a 21.75 (10.48) 15.73 (8.92) <0.0001a
Level of QOL on the WHOQOL-BREF       
Physical health 22.93 (4.60) 23.27 (4.87) .602a 21.47 (4.33) 24.05 (4.45) <0.0001a
Mental health 16.11 (3.11) 17.73 (4.10) .284a 16.89 (3.90) 18.88 (4.13) <0.0001a
Social 12.86 (2.88) 12.97 (2.63) .823a 12.03 (2.48) 12.83 (2.75) <0.0001a
Environmental 27.43 (5.41) 29.10 (5.45) .063a 27.15 (5.28) 29.39 (6.8) <0.0001a
  1. Abbreviations: CES-D Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, MMT methadone maintenance treatment, QOL quality of life, SDS [Ch] The Chinese version of the Severity of Dependence Scale, WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument. a: paired t-test; b: McNemar test.