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Table 3 History of drug use and rehabilitation

From: Behavioral and quality-of-life outcomes in different service models for methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam

    MMT + VCT + ART + DGH      
  MMT + VCT Rural Urban MMT + RPC All p value
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
History of drug use
 Age first used drug 24.3 7.0 26.6 7.4 25.3 6.7 23.5 6.1 24.1 6.5 0.21
 Time since first episode (year) 13.5 5.1 11.2 5.3 12.2 5.9 14.5 6.2 13.5 5.7 <0.01
 Time since first drug injection (year) 10.9 4.4 7.9 3.9 9.2 4.6 11.0 5.5 10.9 4.9 0.02
Drug rehabilitation
 Number of episodes 5.7 7.2 3.4 3.0 4.2 5.2 5.1 6.9 4.8 6.2 0.02
  N % N % N % N % N %  
Location of rehabilitation
 Home, self-managed 213 85.9 103 75.7 132 68.8 226 61.8 674 71.6 <0.01
 Voluntary centers 108 43.6 50 36.8 97 50.5 195 53.3 450 47.8 <0.01
 Compulsory centers 74 29.8 13 9.6 32 16.7 137 37.4 256 27.2 <0.01
Reason for relapse
 Boredom 91 36.7 31 22.8 80 41.7 162 44.3 364 38.6 <0.01
 Peer inducement 115 46.4 67 49.3 106 55.2 189 51.6 477 50.6 0.30
 Craving 107 43.2 62 45.6 96 50.0 168 45.9 433 46.0 0.56
 Unemployment 11 4.4 3 2.2 6 3.1 29 7.9 49 5.2 0.02