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Table 4 Behavioral and quality-of-life outcomes by different service models

From: Behavioral and quality-of-life outcomes in different service models for methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam

    MMT + VCT + ART + DGH      
  MMT + VCT Rural Urban MMT + RPC All p value
  N % N % N % N % N %  
Concurrent drug use 15 5.6 17 11.3 11 5.2 6 1.6 49 4.8 <0.01
Condom use (last sexual intercourse)
 Intimate partners 58 30.4 40 30.5 30 17.4 97 31.7 225 28.1 0.01
 Casual partners 6 75.0 11 64.7 4 30.8 14 60.9 35 57.4 0.15
 Commercial sex partners 16 94.1 16 88.9 11 91.7 28 77.8 71 85.5 0.35
Improved QOL 255 94.8 132 97.1 205 97.6 360 94.0 952 95.4 0.18
Reported health problems
 Mobility 19 7.0 20 13.3 15 7.1 20 5.2 74 7.3 0.02
 Self-care 10 3.7 9 6.0 9 4.3 12 3.1 40 3.9 0.49
 Usual activities 18 6.7 17 11.3 9 4.3 16 4.2 60 5.9 0.01
 Pain or discomfort 37 13.7 57 37.8 34 16.2 52 13.5 180 17.7 <0.01
 Anxiety or depression 56 20.7 65 43.1 38 18.1 51 13.3 210 20.7 <0.01
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean
Health utility
 EQ-5D single index 91.2 15.1 82.7 16.5 91.4 15.3 93.3 13.4 83.4 20.5 <0.01
 VAS 76.4 15.3 75.8 16.2 78.8 14.3 78.3 13.0 74.8 16.8 0.09