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Table 1 Profile of IDUs, Manipur and Nagaland and overall

From: Factors associated with HIV testing among male injecting drug users: findings from a cross-sectional behavioural and biological survey in Manipur and Nagaland, India

Characteristics Manipur % (95 % CI) Nagaland % (95 % CI) Overall % (95 % CI)
Age (years)
 18–24 22.6 (18.5–26.7) 44.6 (39.3–49.4) 33.2 (29.7–36.5)
 25–34 59.9 (55.4–64.4) 40.9 (36.1–46.0) 50.6 (47.2–54.0)
 35+ 17.5 (14.2–21.1) 14.5 (11.2–18.2) 16.2(13.9–18.7)
Occupation
 Unemployed 42.3 (37.8–47.2) 49.7 (4.43–5.50) 46.2 (4.26–4.97)
 Student 3.9 (2.0–6.4) 13.3 (9.9–17.7) 8.4 (6.5–10.7)
 Employed 53.7 (48.8–58.3) 37.0 (31.9–41.6) 45.5 (42.1–48.8)
Marital status
 Never married 53.7 (48.8–58.4) 65.2 (60.4–69.4) 59.6 (56.2–62.9)
 Ever married 46.3 (41.6–51.2) 34.8 (30.6–39.6) 40.4 (37.1–43.8)
Sexual practices
Had a regular sexual partner evera
 No 55.8 (51.2–60. 2) 27.0 (22. 6–31. 8) 41.5 (38. 0–44.9)
 Yes 44.2 (39.8–48.8) 73.0 (68.2–77.4) 58.5 (55.1–62.0)
Had a paid sexual partner everb
 No 69.1 (64.8–73.3) 90.8 (87.8–93.2) 80.2 (77.5–82.9)
 Yes 30.9 (26.7–35.2) 9.2 (6.8–12.2) 19.8 (17.1–22.5)
Injecting practices
Duration of injecting drug use (months)
 <=36 34.9 (30.3–40.2) 69.6 (65.0–73.6) 51.9 (48.5–55.5)
 >36 65.1 (59.8–69.7) 30.4 (26.4–35.0) 48.1 (44.5–51.5)
Frequency of injecting drugs in past 1 monthc
 Less frequent 25.1 (20.5–30.2) 44.3 (39.4–49.1) 34.1 (30.6–37.3)
 More frequent 74.9 (69.8–79.5) 55.7 (50.9–76.0) 65.9 (6.27–6.94)
Shared needles/syringes in past 1 year
 No 43.4 (38.3–48.2) 39.6 (35.2–44.6) 41.3 (38.0–44.7)
 Yes 56.6 (51.8–61.7) 60.4 (55.4–64.8) 58.7 (55.3–62.0)
Knowledge of STI
 Not aware 22.7 (18.4–26.8) 31.7 (26.6–36.5) 26.8 (23.7–30.3)
 Aware 77.3 (73.2–81.6) 68.3 (63.5–73.4) 73.2(69.7–76.3)
Risk perception
 Low risk 50.3 (45.5–54.9) 68.7 (64.3–73.2) 59.7 (56.6–63.2)
 High risk 49.7 (45.1–54.5) 31.3 (26.8–35.7) 40.3 (36.8–43.4)
Ever taken an HIV test prior to survey
 No 52.4 (47.6–56.7) 83.0 (79.4–85.9) 67.4 (64.5–70.5)
 Yes 47.6 (43.3–52.4) 17.0 (14.1–20.6) 32.6 (29.5–35.6)
HIV status
 HIV-negative 72.3 (67.9–76.5) 98.5 (97.3–99.5) 84.4 (80.8–86.4)
 HIV-positive 27.7 (23.5–32.1) 1.5 (0.5–2.7) 15.6 (13.6–19.2)
Programme exposure (last 6 months)
 No exposure 18.7 (14.4–23.4) 55.0 (48.7–60.8) 33.6 (29.1–36.8)
 Received only needle syringe services 27.3 (23.9–31.6) 12.2 (9.3–15.3) 20.2 (17.5–22.8)
 Received only counselling services or counselling and needle/syringe services 54.0 (48.8–58.4) 32.8 (27.9–38.4) 46.2 (43.4–50.7)
  1. CI confidence interval, STI sexually transmitted infection
  2. aRegular sexual partner: main steady partner/spouse with whom IDUs had sex ever
  3. bPaid sexual partner: women with whom IDUs had sex ever in exchange for cash/drugs/kind ever
  4. cLess frequent includes those who injected drugs three times or less in the past 1 month; more frequent includes those who injected drugs more than three times in the past 1 month