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Table 2 Factors associated with HIV testing among IDUs, Manipur and Nagaland, overall

From: Factors associated with HIV testing among male injecting drug users: findings from a cross-sectional behavioural and biological survey in Manipur and Nagaland, India

Variables % (N = 652) Overall adjusted OR (95 % CI)
Age (years)
 18–24 26.75 (126) Ref
 25–34 45.13 (408) 1.41 (1.03–1.93)
 35+ 42.91 (118) 1.07 (0.69–1.66)
Occupation
 Unemployed 36.53 (255) Ref
 Student 32.06 (42) 1.27 (0.80–2.02)
 Employed 43.24 (355) 1.23 (0.96–1.59)
Marital status
 Never married 34.18 (324) Ref
 Ever married 46.72 (328) 1.56 (1.15–2.12)
Had a regular sexual partner evera
 No 39.45 (258) Ref
 Yes 39.56 (394) 0.96 (0.74–1.25)
Had a paid sexual partner everb
 No 35.49 (456) Ref
 Yes 53.70 (196) 1.64 (1.24–2.18)
Duration of injecting drug use (months)
 <=36 26.68 (203) Ref
 >36 50.51 (449) 1.38 (1.06–1.81)
Frequency of injecting drugs in past monthc
 Less frequent 25.15 (127) Ref
 More frequent 45.85 (525) 1.49 (1.12–1.98)
Shared needles/syringes in past year
 No 38.51 (223) Ref
 Yes 40.06 (429) 1.08 (0.84–1.38)
Knowledge of STI
 Not aware 18.13 (68) Ref
 Aware 45.80 (584) 1.39 (0.10–1.93)
Risk perception
 Low risk 28.68 (255) Ref
 High risk 52.17 (397) 1.68 (1.32–2.14)
Programme exposure (last 6 months)
 No exposure 12.47 (61) Ref
 Received only needle/syringe services 33.64 (110) 1.05 (0.48–2.32)
 Received only counselling services or counselling and needle/syringe services 57.67 (481) 2.44 (1.06–5.60)
  1. Model controlled for the variables considered in the analysis
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, STI sexually transmitted infection
  3. aRegular sexual partner: main steady partner/spouse with whom IDUs had sex ever
  4. bPaid sexual partner: women with whom IDUs had sex ever in exchange for cash/drugs/kind ever
  5. cLess frequent includes those who injected drugs three times or less in the past 1 month; more frequent includes those who injected drugs more than three times in the past 1 month