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Table 1 Factors associated with willingness to use a SIF among young adult non-medical prescription opioid users in Rhode Island

From: Willingness to use a supervised injection facility among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically: a cross-sectional study

  Total Yes No or unsure p value
n (%) n (%) n (%)
n = 54 n = 34 n = 20
Age (median, IQR) 26 (24–28) 26.5 (24–28) 25 (22.5–28) 0.31
Sex at birth
 Male 38 (70.4) 24 (70.6) 14 (70.0) 1.00
 Female 16 (29.6) 10 (29.4) 6 (30.0)  
Race
 Black, African, Haitian, or Cape Verdean 4 (7.4) 1 (2.9) 3 (15.0) 0.16
 White 40 (74.1) 27 (79.4) 13 (65.0)  
 Aggregated “Mixed/Other” 8 (14.8) 4 (11.8) 4 (20.0)  
Ethnicity
 Not Hispanic or Latino 48 (88.9) 29 (85.3) 19 (95.0) 0.39
 Hispanic or Latino 6 (11.1) 5 (14.7) 1 (5.0)  
Been homeless in the last six months
 Yes 15 (27.8) 14 (41.2) 1 (5.0) <0.01
 No 39 (72.2) 20 (58.8) 19 (95.0)  
Ever overdosed by accident
 Yes 21 (38.9) 17 (50.0) 4 (20.0) 0.04
 No 33 (61.1) 17 (50.0) 16 (80.0)  
Daily injection drug use
 Yes 12 (22.2) 12 (35.3) 0 (0.0) <0.01
 Noa 42 (77.8) 22 (64.7) 20 (100.0)  
Ever borrowed a used syringe/needleb
 Yes 18 (52.9) 16 (57.1) 2 (40.0) 0.64
 No 15 (44.1) 12 (42.9) 3 (60.0)  
Ever lent a used syringe/needleb
 Yes 18 (52.9) 17 (60.7) 1 (20.0) 0.15
 No 15 (44.1) 11 (39.3) 4 (80.0)  
Typically use prescription opioids non-medically alone
 Yes 44 (81.5) 31 (91.2) 13 (65.0) 0.03
 No 10 (18.5) 3 (8.8) 7 (35.0)  
Ever used heroin
 Yes 36 (66.7) 29 (85.3) 7 (35.0) <0.01
 No 18 (33.3) 5 (14.7) 13 (65.0)  
Ever used diverted fentanyl non-medically
 Yes 20 (37.0) 17 (50.0) 3 (15.0) 0.02
 No 34 (63.0) 17 (50.0) 17 (85.0)  
Illicit poly-substance use at least once per month in the last six months
 Yes 28 (51.9) 20 (58.8) 8 (40.0) 0.26
 No 26 (48.1) 14 (41.2) 12 (60.0)  
  1. aCategory includes 19 participants who injected in the last six months but less than daily, 3 participants who reported lifetime injection drug use but none in the last six months, and 20 participants who reported no lifetime injection drug use (but were considered to be at high risk of initiating injection drug use)
  2. bAmong the 34 participants who had ever injected drugs
  3. c Not all columns add to 100% due to missing values