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Table 3 Values, notes, and sources for variables used to predict skin and soft-tissue infection reduction savings

From: Mitigating the heroin crisis in Baltimore, MD, USA: a cost-benefit analysis of a hypothetical supervised injection facility

Variable Value Note Source
Number of SIF clients (N) 2100 Approximate monthly unique Insite injection room clients Maynard [33]
Hospitalization rate for skin and soft-tissue infection (h) 4.43% Includes abscesses, cellulitis, sepsis, endocarditis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis Hsieh [91]; Lloyd-Smith et al. [18]; Kerr et al. [92]
Reduction in soft-tissue and skin infection for PWID that visit SIF (r) 67.00% From Insite Lloyd-Smith et al. [18]
Average length of skin infection-related hospital stay for PWID (L) 6 days From Baltimore (Hsieh, 2015) Hsieh [91]; Lloyd-Smith et al. [18]; Stein [93]; Palepu et al. [94]
Average hospital cost per day (C) $2500 Average cost per inpatient day, not specifically for PWID Rosenthal [95]; Harris [96]