Total annual injections in the SIF (I)

180,000

Based on Insite capacity and use

Milloy et al. [45]

Percent of injections resulting in overdose (o)

0.133%

Insite’s rate used as conservative estimate, since Baltimore has a higher overdose rate than Vancouver

Kerr et al. [99], Kerr et al. [16], Milloy et al. [45], Astemborski and Mehta [100]

Rate of overdose resulting in hospitalization (a
_{o})

12%
 
Pollini et al. [50]

Rate of SIF overdose hospitalization (a
_{
i
})

0.79%

Ambulance call rate for MSIC, an upper bound for hospitalizations

KPMG [14]

Cost of overdose hospitalization (E)

$2500

Average hospital day cost for Maryland

Pfuntner [103]
