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Table 1 Alignment of the identified themes with the health belief model

From: Naloxone and the Inner City Youth Experience (NICYE): a community-based participatory research study examining young people’s perceptions of the BC take home naloxone program

Health belief model Themes identified
1. Perceived threat (perceived susceptibility and perceived severity) Perceptions of risk
2. Perceived benefits Motivation for participating in training: altruism
Improved relationships with staff
3. Perceived barriers Access to training
4. Cues to action (strategies to activate “readiness”) Training and awareness
5. Self-efficacy (confidence in one’s ability to take action) Empowerment and improved self-esteem; confidence in ability to respond:
Youth relevant video
‘Dummy’ for training
Offer repeat training/refreshers