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Table 2 Perceived fentanyl contamination, drug use, and drug treatment among people who inject drugs in Baltimore, MD (N = 203)

From: Fentanyl-contaminated drugs and non-fatal overdose among people who inject drugs in Baltimore, MD

  Number Percent
Perceived fentanyl contamination
 “When you inject drugs, how often do you think it is laced with fentanyl?”
  Never or rarely 60 29.9
  Half to all the time 107 53.2
  Do not know 34 16.9
Drug use, past 6 months
 Injected:
  Heroin alone 188 93.1
  Speedball (heroin and cocaine) 132 65.4
  Cocaine alone 117 57.9
  Prescription opioids 25 12.4
  Smoked crack cocaine 112 55.2
  Snorted/smoked heroin 74 36.6
  Swallowed or snorted prescription opioids* 59 29.2
  Swallowed buprenorphine/Suboxone* 54 26.6
  Swallowed benzodiazepines* 62 30.7
Drug treatment, past 12 months
  Outpatient treatment 66 32.5
  Inpatient hospital 17 8.4
  Inpatient rehabilitation 16 7.9
  1. *Misuse, i.e., taken not as prescribed or without a prescription