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Table 1 Socio-demographic and drug use characteristics of participants in the Peer Engagement and Evaluation Project (PEEP) (n = 70a)

From: Pain as a risk factor for substance use: a qualitative study of people who use drugs in British Columbia, Canada

Characteristic   
Age Mean (years) Range (years)
 All clients 44 18–64
 Female 41 18–60
 Male 45 20–64
Gender n %
 Female 30 42.9
 Male 38 54.3
 Transgender 1 1.4
 Other 1 1.4
Ethnicity n %
 Aboriginal 25 35.7
 Non-Aboriginal 45 64.3
Income sourceb n %
 Full-time employment 0 0
 Part-time employment 6 8.6
 Self-employed 7 10.0
 Disability assistance 42 60.0
 Social assistance 20 28.6
 Other 13 18.6
Housing status n %
 Owned unit 3 4.3
 Rental unit 38 54.3
 Shelter 10 14.3
 No fixed address 16 22.9
 Other 3 4.3
Drugs used in the last weekb n %
 Heroin 30 42.9
 Methadone 19 27.1
 Morphine 28 40.0
 Dilaudid 15 21.4
 Oxycodone 12 17.1
 Fentanyl 15 21.4
 Benzodiazepine 15 21.4
 Cocaine 27 38.6
 Crack 37 52.9
 Crystal Meth 36 51.4
 Stimulant 12 17.1
 Marijuana 10 14.3
 GHB 2 2.9
 Suboxone 3 4.3
 Acid (LSD) 3 4.3
 Ecstacy 1 1.4
 Tylenol #3 1 1.4
Number of drugs used in the last week n %
 0 2 2.9
 1 8 11.4
 2 7 10.0
 3 18 25.7
 4 15 21.4
 5 7 10.0
 6 2 2.9
 7 6 8.6
 8 1 1.4
 9 3 4.3
 10 1 1.4
Method of drug use in the last weekb n %
 Smoke 69 98.6
 Snort 61 87.1
 Inject 44 62.9
 Swallow 54 77.1
 Other 8 11.4
  1. aMissing responses due to incomplete demographic forms in one rural region
  2. b Individuals were able to provide more than one answer