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Table 2 Generalized structural equation models, regression coefficients and standard errors (SE), and statistical significances (p)

From: Problem gambling and psychological distress: a cross-national perspective on the mediating effect of consumer debt and debt problems among emerging adults

 

Study 1

Study 2

Study 3

Finland nationwide

Finland social media

US nationwide

Coeff.

SE

p

Coeff.

SE

p

Coeff.

SE

p

Psychological distress

 Consumer debt

1.47

0.66

0.025

3.15

1.31

0.016

− 1.46

0.70

0.038

 Debt problems

− 0.80

1.01

0.427

− 1.25

1.80

0.487

2.59

0.51

0.000

 Problem gambling

0.25

0.08

0.002

0.11

0.18

0.526

0.34

0.08

0.000

Consumer debt

 Problem gambling

0.22

0.03

0.000

0.42

0.08

0.000

0.07

0.03

0.022

Debt problems

 Consumer debt

3.51

0.39

0.000

2.33

0.64

0.000

1.12

0.21

0.000

 Problem gambling

0.09

0.04

0.032

0.09

0.06

0.134

0.17

0.03

0.000

Indirect effect (consumer debt)

0.33

0.15

0.032

1.33

0.61

0.029

− 0.10

0.07

0.123

Indirect effect (debt problems)

− 0.08

0.10

0.456

− 0.11

0.18

0.529

0.44

0.11

0.000

Model n

985

  

205

  

883

  

AIC

7461.55

  

1688.92

  

7588.00

  

BIC

7510.47

  

1722.15

  

7635.83