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Table 6 Alternative generalized structural equation models using SOGS-M for problem gambling, regression coefficients and standard errors (SE), and statistical significances (p)

From: Problem gambling and psychological distress: a cross-national perspective on the mediating effect of consumer debt and debt problems among emerging adults

 

Study 1

Study 2

Study 3

Finland nationwide

Finland social media

US nationwide

Coeff.

SE

p

Coeff.

SE

p

Coeff.

SE

p

Psychological distress

 Instant loans

1.33

0.65

0.042

2.80

1.32

0.033

− 1.46

0.70

0.037

 Debt problems

− 0.81

1.01

0.421

− 1.29

1.78

0.471

2.55

0.52

0.000

 Problem gambling (SOGS-M)

0.39

0.10

0.000

0.29

0.24

0.228

0.46

0.11

0.000

Consumer debt

 Problem gambling (SOGS-M)

0.29

0.04

0.000

0.49

0.08

0.000

0.10

0.04

0.016

Debt problems

 Instant loans

3.52

0.39

0.000

2.42

0.64

0.000

1.12

0.21

0.000

 Problem gambling (SOGS-M)

0.12

0.06

0.054

0.09

0.09

0.299

0.24

0.04

0.000

Indirect effect (consumer debt)

0.38

0.20

0.049

1.38

0.69

0.045

− 0.15

0.10

0.115

Indirect effect (debt problems)

− 0.10

0.13

0.457

− 0.12

0.20

0.554

0.61

0.15

0.000

Model n

985

  

205

  

883

  

AIC

7452.96

  

1691.49

  

7582.09

  

BIC

7501.89

  

1724.72

  

7629.92