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Table 2 Domain themes, descriptions, and coding subdivisions after second cycle coding

From: Assessing pharmacy student experience with, knowledge of and attitudes towards harm reduction: illuminating barriers to pharmacist-led harm reduction

Domain Domain themes and description Coding subdivisions
Domain I Education: Student describes importance of education in harm reduction for student, patients/community, and pharmacist. • Curriculum/Student view
• Patients/community
• Pharmacist
Domain II Dispensing Needles: Student describes their opinions on dispensing needles without prescription • Personally opposed but professionally for
• Professionally opposed but personally for
• Personally and professionally for
• Personally and professionally against
Domain III Dispensing naloxone: Students describe their opinions on dispensing naloxone • Personally opposed but professionally for
• Professionally opposed but personally for
• Personally and professionally for
• Personally and professionally against
Domain IV Past working experience in the pharmacy: Students describe their past working experiences in the pharmacy that relate to needle dispensing, naloxone dispensing, or Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) • No subdivisions in this domain
Domain V The role of the pharmacist: Student describes pharmacists’ role in harm reduction approaches to substance use • Open minded
• Non-judgmental
• Recognizing stigma addiction/mental health
• Communication/interprofessional
• Public health role
Domain VI Barriers within students: Student describes the information related to dispensing naloxone in an incorrect manner and/or misunderstands the questions • Would be okay with giving out for prescription but not for illicit drugs
• Incorrect knowledge
• Misunderstand the questions
• Miscellaneous viewpoints
Domain VII Past experiences and exposures: Student describes their past experiences that relate to addiction and people who have/are addicted • No subdivision in this domain
Domain VIII Leading cause of opioid epidemic: Student describes their beliefs on major leading cause of opioid epidemic in the USA • Overprescribing
• Manufacturing the opioid
• Lack of education toward opioids
• Prescription drugs increased use of illegal street drugs
Domain IX Solutions: Student describes the possible solution to the opioid epidemic • No subdivision in this domain