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Table 4 Student reported opioid overdose attitudes scales responses—abbreviated

From: Assessing pharmacy student experience with, knowledge of and attitudes towards harm reduction: illuminating barriers to pharmacist-led harm reduction

  Agree (%) Disagree (%) Unsure (%)
I am already able to inject naloxone into someone who has overdosed. 6 (3.59) 154 (92.22) 7 (4.19)
I am going to need more training before I would feel confident to help someone who has overdosed. 154 (92.22) 6 (3.59) 7 (4.19)
If someone overdoses, I would know what to do to help them. 21 (12.58) 90 (52.89) 56 (33.53)
I know very little about how to help someone who has overdosed. 111 (66.47) 30 (17.96) 26 (15.57)
I would be afraid of giving naloxone in case the person becomes aggressive afterword. 42 (25.15) 68 (40.72) 57 (34.13)
I would be afraid of doing something wrong in an overdoses situation. 130 (77.84) 18 (10.78) 19 (11.38)
I would be reluctant to use naloxone for fear of precipitating withdrawal symptoms. 29 (17.37) 95 (56.89) 43 (25.75)
I would feel safer if I knew that naloxone was around. 107 (64.07) 18 (10.78) 42 (24.15)
I would be afraid of suffering a needle stick injury if I had to give someone a naloxone injection. 42 (25.15) 93 (55.69) 32 (19.16)
Needles frighten me and I wouldn’t be able to give someone an injection of naloxone. 14 (8.38) 141 (84.43) 12 (7.19)
Everyone at risk of witnessing an overdose should be given a naloxone supply. 61 (36.53) 46 (27.55) 60 (35.93)
I couldn’t just watch someone overdose, I would have to do something to help. 147 (89.02) 4 (2.40) 16 (9.58)
If someone overdoses, I would call an ambulance but I wouldn’t be willing to do anything else. 16 (9.58) 118 (70.66) 33 (19.76)
Family and friends of drug users should be prepared to deal with an overdose. 149 (89.02) 8 (4.79) 10 (5.99)
If I saw an overdose, I would panic and not be able to help. 11 (6.59) 122 (73.05) 34 (20.36)
If I saw an overdose, I would feel nervous, but I would still take the necessary actions. 145 (86.83) 7 (4.19) 15 (8.98)
I will do whatever is necessary to save someone’s life in an overdose situation. 148 (88.62) 4 (2.40) 15 (8.98)
If someone overdoses, I want to be able to help them. 158 (94.61) 2 (1.20) 7 (4.19)
I would be concerned about calling emergency services in case the police come around. 5 (2.99) 155 (92.81) 7 (4.19)
I would be able to perform chest compressions to someone who has overdosed. 141 (84.43) 10 (5.99) 16 (9.58)