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Table 5 Final coding results by domain/subdomain, mention, and frequency

From: Assessing pharmacy student experience with, knowledge of and attitudes towards harm reduction: illuminating barriers to pharmacist-led harm reduction

Domain Sub domain Number of times mentioned Subdomain Percentage of total mentions Domain Percentage of total mentions
Domain I
Education
Curriculum/student view 61 7.4% 20.0%
Patients/community 88 10.6%
Pharmacist 17 2.1%
Domain II
Dispensing Needles
Personally opposed but professionally support 29 3.5% 19.5%
Professionally opposed but personally support 6 0.7%
Personally and professionally for support 121 14.6%
Personally and professionally opposed 6 0.7%
Domain III
Dispensing Naloxone
Personally opposed but professionally support 8 1.0% 19.6%
Professionally opposed but personally support 2 0.2%
Personally and professionally support 151 18.2%
Personally and professionally opposed 2 0.2%
Domain IV
Past work experience
No subdomains 34 4.1% 4.1%
Domain V
The role of the pharmacist
Open minded 6 0.7% 25.9%
Non-judgmental 46 5.5%
Recognizing stigma addiction/mental health 65 7.8%
Communication/interprofessional 19 2.3%
Public health role 79 9.5%
Domain VI
Barriers within students
Would be okay with giving out for prescription but not for illicit drugs 3 0.4% 2.4%
Incorrect knowledge 8 1.0%
Misunderstand the questions 1 0.1%
Miscellaneous views 8 1.0%
Domain VII
Past experiences and exposures:
No subdomains 22 2.6% 2.6%
Domain VIII
Leading causes of opioid epidemic
Overprescribing 11 1.3% 3.9%
Manufacturing the opioid 4 0.5%
Lack of education toward opioids 5 0.6%
Prescription drugs → increased use of illegal street drugs 13 1.6%
Domain IX
Potential solutions
No subdomains 14 1.7% 1.6%