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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with children in a methadone maintenance program: a cross-sectional study

  Have children (n = 707) No children (n = 392) P value
Sex, n (%)
 Male 341 (48.2) 259 (66.1) < 0.0001
Age (years), mean (SD) 41.2 (10.6) 39.1 (10.5) 0.109
Highest level of education, n (%)
 Grade 8 and below 175 (24.8) 64 (16.5) 0.001
 Grades 9–12 332 (47.2) 213 (54.8) 0.019
 College/university, trade school, masters/PhD 196 (27.7) 112 (28.6) 0.779
Employment status, n (%)
 Currently employed 214 (30.3) 158 (40.4) 0.001
Marital status, n (%)
 Married/common law/living with partner 255 (36.1) 95 (24.3) < 0.0001
Source of first opioid exposure, n (%)
 Prescribed by physician 386 (54.6) 140 (35.7) < 0.0001
Smoking status, n (%)
 Current smoker 597 (84.6) 335 (85.4) 0.344
Self-reported substance use in the past 30 days, n (%)*
 Alcohol 272 (38.4) 179 (45.7) 0.024
 Benzodiazepine 71 (10.0) 51 (7.2) 0.134
 Heroin 78 (11.0) 61 (15.6) 0.046
 Cocaine 117 (16.5) 84 (21.4) 0.051
 Amphetamine 45 (6.4) 27 (6.9) 0.799
 Crack cocaine 81 (11.5) 42 (10.7) 0.765
 Cannabis 344 (48.6) 235 (59.9) 0.000
 Illicit methadone 12 (1.7) 3 (0.8) 0.280
 Other drugs** 361 (51.1) 216 (55.1) 0.208
Methadone dose (mg/day), mean (SD) 76.0 (46.3) 71.0 (42.9) 0.223
Length of current treatment (months), mean (SD) 51.9 (51.6) 39.4 (41.6) < 0.0001
Age of first opioid use, mean (SD) 26.6 (9.1) 22.8 (7.6) < 0.0001
Illicit opioid use through urine screens, n (%)
 At least 1 positive urine screen during 3 month study period 395 (55.9) 214 (54.6) 0.704
  1. *Some people use more than 1 substance at once so the values of self-reported substance use might not add up to 100% in each row
  2. **Other drugs used by participants include ketamine, Percocet, diluadid, oxycontin, fentanyl, oxycodeine, hydromorphone, morphine, acetaminophen, crystal meth, gabapentin, MDMA, OxyNeo, Ritalin, poppy seed opium, hashish, illicit Suboxone, and codeine