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Table 2 Reported barriers to using new needles by people who inject drugs (N = 100)

From: Barriers to using new needles encountered by rural Appalachian people who inject drugs: implications for needle exchange

  Agree Disagree/neutral
% %
1. It takes too long to get a new needle every time I inject. 15 85
2. It is inconvenient to get a new needle every time I inject. 24.74 75.26
3. I often do not want to take the time to get a new needle because my cravings or urges to use drugs are too strong. 18.37 81.63
4. I often do not take the time to get a new needle if I am drug sick or in withdrawal. 24.45 75.55
5. I do not take the time to get a new needle before injecting because I can only think about getting high. 23.23 76.77
6. I do not take the time to get a new needle before injecting if I am already high or drunk. 19.39 80.61
7. The places where I inject usually do not have access to new needles. 29.29 70.71
8. If I am in a shooting gallery (a place where people inject drugs, “dope den,” “joy popping,” etc.), I often do not use a new needle. 21.74 78.26
9. I often do not carry new needles with me when I am out. 30.93 69.07
10. There is not a needle exchange close by for me to get needles. 16.67 83.33
11. Pharmacies sometimes give me hassle when I try to buy needles. 63.33 36.37
12. After I inject, I do not prepare in advance by getting new needles ready for my next injection. 39.80 60.20
13. It’s too expensive to buy new needles from the pharmacy for every time I inject. 55.91 44.09
14. Feeling sad or depressed would get in the way of my using a new needle every time I inject. 20.21 79.79
15. It is embarrassing to buy needles at the pharmacy. 47.92 52.08
16. I worry that someone (friends, family, etc.) may see me buying needles at the pharmacy. 49.47 50.53
17. My peers/friends would look at me funny if I used a new needle every time I inject. 17.53 82.47
18. Having to worry about using a new needle interrupts the ritual of using. 16.84 83.16
19. I am unlikely to use a new needle if a friend lets me borrow his or her used needle. 19.59 80.41
20. I could get in trouble from the police if I carry needles around with me. 72.00 28.00