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Table 1 Characteristics (unweighted %) of men age 40–79 years at enrollment in NHIS 1987, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2005, and 2010a

From: Mortality among male smokers and smokeless tobacco users in the USA

  Never tobacco users Never smokers Current smokers Former smokers All
Current ST users Former ST users Never + former ST users Current ST users Never + former ST users Current ST users
Age in year [standard deviation] 54.3 [11.0] 54.0 [11.8] 54.4 [12.0] 53.0 [9.7] 52.5 [10.4] 59.3 [11.0] 58.8 [11.2] 55.9 [11.1]
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 69.7 84.8 82.1 71.7 84.4 8 91.8 74.8
 Non-Hispanic Black 12.3 11.6 11.6 16.3 11.8 9.1 5.6 12.0
 Other race 18.0 3.6 6.3 12.0 3.8 10.9 2.6 13.2
Marital status
 Never married 13.0 9.6 7.4 12.5 7.0 6.8 6.4 10.3
 Married 66.7 65.1 67.9 53.1 56.5 69.8 69.5 64.4
 Divorced/separated 16.1 19.7 17.5 28.9 31.2 16.3 17.6 19.6
 Widowed 4.2 5.7 7.2 5.4 5.3 7.2 6.5 5.7
Educational attainment
 Less than high school 14.9 33.0 18.3 25.6 39.7 21.0 38.7 20.7
 High school 26.7 32.2 29.1 37.0 30.4 31.4 34.4 31.2
 Some college 20.8 18.5 23.4 22.9 20.6 22.4 16.4 21.8
 College and higher 37.7 16.3 29.3 14.4 9.3 25.2 10.5 26.2
Family income
 $0–24,999 26.3 34.8 25.9 37.9 41.7 31.0 39.4 31.4
 $25,000–34,999 9.1 10.4 6.8 11.0 11.8 11.1 10.7 10.3
 $35,000–$54,999 22.4 15.8 17.5 21.6 19.6 25.2 20.3 23.0
 $55,000–74,999 5.8 6.7 6.7 4.4 3.8 4.9 3.9 5.1
 $75,000+ 12.1 6.8 14.8 5.7 4.3 8.3 4.4 8.9
 Missing income 7.2 10.3 6.5 8.1 7.5 8.3 9.1 7.9
Self-reported health
 Excellent 32.8 23.5 25.3 19.9 18.6 25.3 16.3 26.2
 Very good 30.8 28.8 33.1 27.0 19.6 28.1 26.5 28.7
 Good 25.0 28.1 27.8 30.1 33.9 28.1 28.4 27.6
 Fair 8.4 13.4 9.9 15.9 17.8 13.2 16.7 12.3
 Poor 2.9 6.3 4.0 7.2 10.1 5.3 12.1 5.1
BMI categories
 Normal weight 28.3 21.7 18.8 38.0 40.5 26.0 23.8 29.7
 Underweight 0.3 0.2 0.0 1.2 1.3 0.3 0.8 0.5
 Overweight 45.8 47.1 50.6 40.8 37.2 48.3 46.3 45.4
 Obese 21.3 26.9 26.4 16.3 16.3 22.6 26.1 20.7
 Missing BMI 4.4 4.1 4.2 3.7 4.8 2.9 3.0 3.7
Region
 Northeast 20.7 7.0 12.4 18.2 6.0 20.8 8.8 19.5
 South 33.0 55.7 38.6 36.7 57.3 32.7 54.9 34.8
 Midwest 23.3 24.1 27.0 25.1 24.1 24.4 25.1 24.2
 West 23.1 13.2 22.1 2 12.6 22.1 11.3 21.5
Observations 15,540 584 526 11,551 398 16,663 842 46,104
  1. aExcluding those with missing tobacco status, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, marital status, and/or self-reported health status
  2. ST smokeless tobacco