Skip to main content

Table 2 Demographics, drug use, HIV, HCV and drug overdose among PWID by residence in ZIP codes with 10+ participant and with 1–9 participants

From: Geographic distribution of risk (“Hotspots”) for HIV, HCV, and drug overdose among persons who use drugs in New York City: the importance of local history

Average age (SD) ZIPs < 10 PWUD ZIPs ≥ 10 PWUD All ZIPs Test statistics; P value
41 (11.6) 46 (9.9) 45 (10.2) t = 8.0; < 0.001
N % N % N %
Total 372 100.0 2342 100.0 2714 100.0  
Gender        0.6; 0.43
 Male 295 79.3 1896 81.0 2191 80.7  
 Female 76 20.4 438 18.7 514 18.9  
 Transgender 1 0.3 8 0.3 9 0.3  
Race/ethnicity        123.0; < 0.001
 White 142 38.2 353 15.1 495 18.2  
 African-American 107 28.8 998 42.6 1105 40.7  
 Latinx 106 28.5 927 39.6 1033 38.1  
 Other 17 4.6 64 2.7 81 3.0  
Drug use and drug use behaviors
 Last 6 months heroin injected 169 45.4 775 33.2 944 34.9 21.0; < 0.001
 Last 6 months cocaine injected 63 16.9 338 14.5 401 14.8 1.5; 0.22
 Last 6 months speedball injected 64 17.2 314 13.5 378 14.0 3.7; 0.053
 Daily injection 171 46.0 816 35.0 987 36.5 16.7; < 0.001
 Last 6 months cocaine sniff/snort 124 33.4 909 38.9 1033 38.2 4.1; < 0.05
 Last 6 months crack cocaine smoked 194 52.2 1186 50.8 1380 51.0 0.24; 0.63
 Last 6 months heroin sniff/snort 205 55.1 1353 58.1 1558 57.7 1.2; 0.28
Infection prevalence
 HIV+ 31 9.4 266 12.6 297 12.2 2.8; 0.09
 HCV+ 116 34.8 744 35.6 860 35.5 0.1; 0.80
 HSV2+ 132 36.9 1092 48.5 1224 46.9 17.1; < 0.001
 HIV/HSV2 coinfection 24 7.2 193 9.1 217 8.9 1.3; 0.25