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Table 4 Correlates of non-fatal overdose among young adult PWID (n = 340)

From: Prescription opioid injection among young people who inject drugs in New York City: a mixed-methods description and associations with hepatitis C virus infection and overdose

 Never overdosedOverdosed at least onceUnadjusted OR (95% CI)OR p valueAOR (95% CI)AOR p value
N (%)146 (43)194 (57)
Injected POs (lifetime)
 No80 (55)57 (29)RefRefRefRef
 Yes66 (45)137 (71)2.91 (1.86–4.56)< 0.012.51 (1.53–4.11)< 0.01
Gender
 Male97 (67)124 (65)RefRef  
 Female47 (33)68 (35)1.13 (0.72–1.79)0.60
Race/ethnicity
 Latino/a33 (23)29 (15)RefRef  
 White101 (70)151 (78)1.70 (0.97–2.98)0.06
 Non-Latino/non-White11 (8)13 (7)1.34 (0.52–3.46)0.54
Household income growing up (annual)
 $0–50 k61 (45)63 (36)RefRef  
 $51–100 k48 (35)60 (35)1.21 (0.72–2.03)0.47  
 > $100 k28 (20)50 (29)1.73 (0.97–3.09)0.06  
Homeless (lifetime)
 No53 (36)47 (24)RefRefRefRef
 Yes93 (64)146 (76)1.77 (1.10–2.84)0.021.10 (0.65–1.85)0.73
Number people shared syringes (past 12 months)
 096 (70)98 (52)RefRefRefRef
 133 (24)54 (29)1.60 (0.96–2.69)0.071.21 (0.68–2.15)0.51
 2 or more8 (6)35 (19)4.29 (1.89–9.71)< 0.012.25 (0.87–5.82)0.09
Number people shared cookers (past 12 months)
 069 (51)57 (30)RefRefRefRef
 133 (24)37 (20)1.36 (0.76–2.44)0.311.34 (0.71–2.55)0.37
 2 or more34 (25)93 (50)3.31 (1.96–5.61)< 0.012.50 (1.39–4.50)< 0.01
  1. Sample total is 340 instead of 353 because 6 participants did not respond to the questions regarding PO injection and 7 additional participants did not respond to the questions regarding overdose