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Table 5 Correlation between sociodemographics and lifetime PO injection among young adult PWID (n = 347)

From: Prescription opioid injection among young people who inject drugs in New York City: a mixed-methods description and associations with hepatitis C virus infection and overdose

  Never injected POs Ever injected POs Unadjusted OR (95% CI) OR p value AOR (95% CI) AOR p value
N (%) 139 (40) 208 (60)
Gender
 Male 89 (64) 138 (68) Ref Ref   
 Female 50 (36) 66 (32) 0.85 (0.54–1.34) 0.49
Race/ethnicity
 Latino/a 27 (19) 37 (18) Ref Ref   
 White 97 (70) 159 (77) 1.20 (0.69–2.09) 0.53
 Non-Latino and non-White 15 (11) 10 (5) 0.49 (0.19–1.25) 0.13
Household income growing up (annual)
 $0–50 k 62 (48) 63 (34) Ref Ref Ref Ref
 $51–100 k 43 (33) 69 (37) 1.58 (0.94–2.65) 0.08 1.89 (1.10–3.26) 0.02
 > $100 k 25 (19) 55 (29) 2.17 (1.20–3.90) 0.01 2.74 (1.45–5.06) < 0.01
Homeless (lifetime)
 No 56 (40) 47 (23) Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 83 (60) 160 (77) 2.30 (1.44–3.67) < 0.01 2.85 (1.71–4.74) < 0.01
  1. Sample total is 347 instead of 353 because 6 participants did not respond to the questions regarding PO injection