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Table 5 Association of demographics and smoking history and domains of the modified cigarette evaluation questionnaire (mCEQ)

From: Sensory experiences and cues among E-cigarette users

mCEQ domainsa Vaping satisfaction Psychological reward Enjoyment of respiratory tract sensations Craving reduction Aversion
Gender
 Male 19.5 ± 1.94 22 (19.0; 25.2) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 Female 19.8 ± 2.15 23 (18.0; 28) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0)* 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Baseline age
 18–34 19.7 ± 2.01 23.0 (21.0; 26.5) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 35–44 20.2 ± 1.33 21.0 (15.526.0) 6.0 (4.0; 7.0) 6.5 (5.75; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 45+ 19.5+/2.29 23.0 (18.0; 27.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Residence type
 Rural 19.9 ± 1.93 22.5 (19.0; 26.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 6.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 Suburban 19.7 ± 1.74 22.0 (17.2; 26.8) 6.0 (4.25; 7.0) 7.0 (5.25; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 Urban 19.3 ± 2.73 23.0 (19.0; 27.5) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (4.50; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Age began smoking
 < 13 years 20.4 ± 1.23* 23.0 (20.0; 27.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0)** 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 14–15 years *20.1 ± 1.26 22.0 (18.0; 27.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 16–17 years 19.2+/1.97** 22.0 (18.0; 26.0) 5.0 (4.0; 6.0)** 6.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 18+ years 19.5 ± 2.52 24.0 (20.0; 26.0) 5.0 (5.0; 7.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Years smoked
 ≤ 15 years 19.6 ± 2.06 23.0 (21.0; 27.8) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) * 6.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 16–25 years 19.9 ± 1.82 22.0 (17.0; 26.0) 6.0 (4.0; 7.0) 7.0 (5.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 26–35 years 20.2 ± 1.2 25.0 (18.0; 27.5) 6.5 (5.8; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 36+ years 19.5 ± 1.92 20.5 (17.2; 26.0) 5.0 (5.0; 6.00) 6.0 (5.25; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Daily number of cigarettes smoked
 20 or < 19.6 ± 1.9 22.5 (18.0; 26.2) 6.0 (4.0; 7.0) 6.0 (5.75; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 21 or > 20.0 ± 1.6 22.0 (18.0; 27.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
Quit attempts
 < 5 times 19.6 ± 1.89 22.0 (17.5; 26.0) 6.0 (5.0; 6.50) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 6–10 times 20.0 ± 1.63 25.0 (20.0; 27.0) 6.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
 11+ times 20.1 ± 1.71 23.0 (20.5; 27.5) 7.0 (5.0; 7.0) 7.0 (6.0; 7.0) 2.0 (2.0; 2.0)
  1. *Statistically significant differences (at p < 0.05) were found between gender and craving reduction (p = 0.023); ratings of vaping satisfaction and age participants began smoking (overall p = 0.013); ratings of enjoyment and age began smoking (overall p = 0.017); and ratings of enjoyment and years smoked (overall p = 0.038)
  2. **Post hoc tests indicated that the 16–17 year-old group had significantly lower Satisfaction (p = 0.015) and Enjoyment (p = 0.047) scores compared to the 13-year-old and younger group. The 16–17-year-old group also had significantly lower Enjoyment scores compared to the 14–15 year-old group (p = 0.026). There was a trend for higher Enjoyment scores between those who have been smoking 26–35 years compared to those smoking 36 years or more (p = 0.061 after adjusting for multiple comparisons)