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Table 6 Associations between mortality and drugs used, gender, comorbidities, and diagnoses (controlling for age and sex)

From: Hospital admissions and mortality due to complications of injection drug use in two hospitals in Regina, Canada: retrospective chart review

Characteristic Patient status
aOR (95% CI)
Deceased REF (n = 15)
Single vs multiple admissions  
 Multiple 1.85 (0.54–6.32)
 Single REF
Drugs used  
 Cocaine 3.36 (3.17–5.50)
 Methamphetamines 4.01 (3.73–9.09)
 Methylphenidate 1.17 (0.37–3.42)
 Opioids 1.20 (0.32–4.53)
Comorbidities  
 Talc pneumoconiosis 1.71 (0.53–6.02)
 Diabetes 4.61 (2.79–6.16)
 Comorbid Psychiatric Disorder outside of substance use 1.76 (0.63–5.74)
 HCV 1.32 (0.77–6.32)
 HIV 0.58 (0.11–3.04)
Diagnoses Responsible for Admission  
 SSTI 12.42 (11.82–13.37)
 Bacteremia/sepsis 0.55 (0.48–2.84)
 Talcosis 1.5 (0.43–2.67)
 Psychosis or other psychiatric diagnosis 1.4 (0.66–1.58)
 Endocarditis 2.4 (2.11–7.23)
Discharge  
 PDD 1.55 (0.97–1.81)
 Regular discharge REF
  1. Bolded values refer to p values < .05
  2. aOR represent analyses adjusted for all variables presented
  3. REF represents the variable responses used as reference in the regression analysis