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Table 2 Subgroup analysis results of alcohol use among people living with HIV/AID in Ethiopia

From: Alcohol use and its determinants among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Types of alcohol use Region Number of studies Prevalence (95% CI) P value I2
Lifetime use Addis Ababa 2 30.69 (− 16.93, 78.32) P < 0.001 99.4%
Amhara 3 49.58 (20.42, 78.74) P < 0.001 99.0%
Oromia 3 28.93 (12.42, 45.43) P < 0.001 97.2%
Tigray 1 30.90 (25.99, 35.81)   
Hazardous SNNPR 3 23.31 (5.28, 41.34) P < 0.001 97.0%
Oromia 2 20.62 (7.64, 33.60) P < 0.001 97.6%
Current use Amhara 3 25.99 (8.36, 43.61) P < 0.001 98.3%
Oromia 4 12.50 (5.66, 19.34) P < 0.001 94.5%
Tigray 2 9.42 (2.77, 15.70) P = 0.005 87.0%
*Others 2 29.62 (3.55, 55.69) P < 0.001 98.5%
Addis Ababa 1 23.30 (19.92, 26.68)   
Types of alcohol use Sample size Number of studies Prevalence (95% CI) P value I2
Current use ≥ 340 8 20.17 (14.29, 26.04) P < 0.001 95.3%
< 340 4 16.67 (3.56, 27.79) P < 0.001 98.3%
Lifetime use ≥ 340 4 37.43 (4.30, 70.57) P < 0.001 99.7%
< 340 5 35.54 (21.46, 49.63) P < 0.001 97.2%
  1. *Others = Dire Dawa and Harerie (eastern part of the country)