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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted models of officers reporting which harm reduction services should be included in a referral (n = 305)

From: Municipal police support for harm reduction services in officer-led referrals of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico

  Drug Addiction Treatment Services (“Yes”) Syringe Service Programs (“Yes”)
Unadjusted model Adjusted model Unadjusted model Adjusted model
Police characteristics Prevalence ratio 95% CI Adjusted prevalence ratio 95% CI Prevalence Ratio 95% CI Adjusted Prevalence Ratio 95% CI
Age (years) 0.99 0.95, 1.03    0.98* 0.97, 0.99 0.96* 0.93, 0.98
# Years on Force 1.00 0.96, 1.05    0.98 0.97, 1.01   
Gender (Female vs Male) 0.54 0.21, 1.42    0.82 0.40, 1.69   
Rank (Officer vs Supervisor/Deputy/Chief) 0.75 0.29, 1.94    0.96 0.49, 1.85   
Location (high drug use vs Elsewhere) 0.46* 0.22, 0.95 0.5 0.24, 1.08 0.54* 0.32, 0.91 0.50* 0.29, 0.87
Education (< High School vs ≥ High School) 0.73 0.32, 1.71    0.61 0.34, 1.09   
Attitudes (Agree vs Neutral/Disagree)         
My supervisor would commend me for referring PWID 1.56 0.56, 2.40    0.84 0.52, 1.36   
If I wanted to refer PWID to a health program, I would know how 0.33 0.04, 2.53    0.86 0.36, 2.02   
It is the role of police to refer PWID to health & social services 1.77 0.78, 4.04    1.59 0.88, 2.90   
Likelihood that PWID will go to service location if referred 0.81 0.37, 1.74    1.01 0.61, 1.68   
Methadone maintenance programs help reduce criminal activity 4.55* 2.17, 9.56 4.66* 2.05, 9.18 2.33* 1.29, 4.21 2.43* 1.30, 4.55
Syringe exchange programs increase the risk of NSI among police 0.78 0.38, 1.57    0.46* 0.29, 0.73 0.44* 0.27, 0.71
People addicted to drugs do not care about their health 0.65 0.32, 1.33    1.12 0.72, 1.76   
Drug Addiction is a disease 1.23 0.35, 4.40    1.38 0.58, 3.31   
  1. *Significant at alpha < 0.05