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Table 2 Pharmacist experience with harm reduction services

From: Pharmacist attitudes and provision of harm reduction services in North Carolina: an exploratory study

Service and experience Urban (n = 232) Rural (n = 68) p-value
% (n) % (n)
Non-prescription syringes
Does your pharmacy have a policy regarding the sale of non-prescription syringes?
 Yes 43.5 (101) 52.9 (36) 0.08
 No 46.1 (107) 38.2 (26)  
 Not sure 4.7 (11) 0 (0)  
 Missing 5.6 (13) 8.8 (6)  
How often do you sell non-prescription syringes at your pharmacy?
 Never 8.6 (20) 4.4 (3) 0.56
 Occasionally, but less frequently than once per month 13.8 (32) 19.1 (13)  
 On average, once per month 4.7 (11) 5.9 (4)  
 2–3 times per month 14.7 (34) 13.2 (9)  
 Weekly 16.0 (37) 22.1 (15)  
 Daily 26.3 (61) 22.1 (15)  
 My pharmacy does not sell non-prescription syringes 9.9 (23) 5.9 (4)  
 Missing 6.0 (14) 7.4 (5)  
Have you ever refused to sell non-prescription syringes to a customer at your pharmacy?
 Yes 37.9 (88) 48.5 (33) 0.15
 No 46.1 (107) 38.2 (26)  
 Missing 16.0 (37) 13.2 (9)  
How often do you talk about harm reduction with customers to whom you sell non-prescription syringes?
 Never 59.9 (139) 60.3 (41) 0.87
 Sometimes 19.4 (45) 19.1 (13)  
 Often 2.6 (6) 4.4 (3)  
 Always 1.7 (4) 1.5 (1)  
 Missing 16.4 (38) 14.7 (10)  
Naloxone
How often do you dispense naloxone at your pharmacy?
 Occasionally, but less frequently than once per month 41.0 (95) 54.4 (37) 0.04
 On average, once per month 21.6 (50) 7.4 (5)  
 2–3 times per month 18.1 (42) 17.7 (12)  
 Daily or weekly 7.8 (18) 5.9 (4)  
 Missing 11.6 (27) 14.7 (10)  
Who have you dispensed naloxone to?*
 Patients 85.8 (199) 82.4 (56) 0.49
 Caregivers 42.7 (99) 33.8 (23) 0.19
 First responders 10.3 (24) 7.4 (5) 0.46
 Institutions 0.4 (1) 1.5 (1) 0.40
HIV and HCV
Is HIV testing offered at your pharmacy?
 Yes 2.2 (5) 2.9 (2) 0.66
 No or unknown 93.5 (217) 91.2 (62)  
 Missing 4.3 (10) 5.9 (4)  
Is hepatitis C screening offered at your pharmacy?
 Yes 1.7 (4) 2.9 (2) 0.62
 No or unknown 93.1 (216) 91.2 (62)  
 Missing 5.2 (12) 5.9 (4)  
  1. *Select all that apply
  2. p-values were calculated using Pearson’s chi square and Fisher’s exact tests