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Table 3 Pharmacist willingness to engage in harm reduction services for specified populations

From: Pharmacist attitudes and provision of harm reduction services in North Carolina: an exploratory study

  Urban (n = 232) Rural (n = 68) Urban/rural p-value
% (n) % (n)
Willingness to sell non-prescription syringes to:a
 Patients with diabetes
  Willing 81.5 (189) 82.4 (56) 0.66
  Not willing 2.2 (5) 2.9 (2)  
 Suspected persons who inject drugs
  Willing 51.7 (120) 41.2 (28) 0.07
  Not willing 31.9 (74) 44.1 (30)  
 Persons who inject drugs who have a referral to purchase syringes
  Willing 61.6 (143) 51.2 (35) 0.049
  Not willing 22.0 (51) 33.8 (23)  
Willingness to dispense naloxone to:b
 Patient with naloxone co-prescription from physician
  Willing 99.6 (224) 94.1 (64) 1.00
  Not willing 1.3 (3) 1.5 (1)  
 Suspected persons who inject drugs
  Willing 84.1 (195) 79.4 (54) 0.57
  Not willing 13.8 (32) 16.2 (11)  
 Third parties of individuals who may be at increased risk of opioid overdose
  Willing 90.1 (209) 85.3 (58) 0.47
  Not willing 7.8 (18) 10.3 (7)  
 Patient with an opioid prescription
  Willing 93.5 (217) 89.7 (61) 0.52
  Not willing 4.3 (10) 5.9 (4)  
  1. aWillingness to sell non-prescription syringes was missing for 16.4% (n = 38) of urban pharmacists and 14.7% (n = 10) rural pharmacists
  2. bWillingness to dispense naloxone was missing for 2.2% (n = 5) urban pharmacists and 4.4% (n = 3) rural pharmacists