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Table 3 Social characteristics

From: Therapy of chronic hepatitis C in people who inject drugs: focus on adherence

  PWID group (N = 101) Control group (N = 177) p
Imprisonment 7 (6.9%) 1 (0.6%) 0.004
Tattoo 50 (49.5%) 12 (6.8%) < 0.001
Smoking 69 (68.3%) 37 (20.9%) < 0.001
Harmful drinking history 13 (12.9%) 7 (4.0%) 0.008
 Alcohol addiction treatment history 7 (6.9%) 2 (1.1%)  
Dual diagnosis 29 (28.7%) 9 (5.1%) < 0.001
Reference to treatment
 Infectious diseases specialist 34 (33.7%) 68 (38.4%) < 0.001
 Gastroenterologist 25 (24.8%) 67 (37.8%)  
 General practitioner/other specialist 11 (10.9%) 30 (17%)  
 Addiction specialist, psychiatrist 9 (8.9%) 0 (0%)  
 Self-reference 22 (21.8%) 12 (6.8%)  
Job
 Stable 56 (56.3%) 90 (50.8%) < 0.001
 Unstable 5 (5.0%) 0 (0%)  
 Unemployed 13 (12.9%) 4 (1.4%)  
 Retired 1 (1%) 75 (43.2%)  
 Disability leave 15 (14.9%) 7 (4.0%)  
 Maternity leave 11 (9.9%) 1 (0.6%)  
Education
 Primary 20 (19.8%) 4 (1.4%) < 0.001
 Secondary, qualified worker 57 (56.4%) 92 (52.0%)  
 Secondary, leaving examination 19 (18.8%) 64 (38.0%)  
 University 0 (0%) 15 (8.5%)  
 Unknown 5 (5.0%) 2 (1.1%)  
Housing
 Stable 86 (85.1%) 176 (99.4%) < 0.001
 Unstable 15 (14.9%) 0 (0%)  
 Homeless 0 (0%) 1 (0.6%)  
  1. P value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant and the results are displayed in bold
  2. PWID people who inject drugs group