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Table 5 Perceived symptoms/diseases related to smoking identified from secondary analysis of qualitative studies

From: Impact of tobacco and/or nicotine products on health and functioning: a scoping review and findings from the preparatory phase of the development of a new self-report measure

Body system Symptoms/diseases
Cardiovascular Poor blood circulation, numbness, high blood pressure, pressure in chest, high cholesterol, myocardial infarction, stroke
Digestive Gastritis, heartburn
Neurological Depression, jittery, dizziness, giddy, “feel different,” automatic hand movement
Oral Sore/dry throat, bad breath, loss of sense of taste, yellow teeth, gum disease
Reproductive Erectile dysfunction, impact on pregnancy
Respiratory Longer time to recover from a cold, quicker to get a cold, cough, pain in the lungs, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), wheezing, trouble breathing/slower breathing, breathlessness or shortness of breath