Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of people who have injected drugs in the past 6 months (n = 420) by food access

From: Food access among people who inject drugs in West Virginia

  Total (N = 420) Inadequate food access (n = 349) Adequate food access (n = 71) χ2 P value
n (col %) n (col %) n (col %)
Sociodemographic data     
Age, mean (SD) 35.8 (8.5) 35.9 (8.6) 35.4 (8.2) 0.665
Gender     
 Male 257 (61.2) 207 (59.3) 50 (70.4)  
 Female 163 (38.8) 142 (40.7) 21 (29.6) 0.080
Race/ethnicity     
 White, non- Hispanic 341 (83.6) 283 (83.5) 58 (84.1)  
 Other 67 (16.4) 56 (16.5) 11 (15.9) 0.906
Sexual minority 73 (17.4) 63 (18.1) 10 (14.1) 0.416
In a relationship 193 (46.2) 155 (44.7) 38 (53.5) 0.173
Structural factors     
Educational attainment 304 (72.6) 241 (69.3) 63 (88.7) 0.001
Health insurance 305 (72.6) 251 (71.9) 54 (76.1) 0.476
Homelessness 235 (56.0) 218 (62.5) 17 (23.9) 0.000
Unemployed 277 (66.0) 237 (67.9) 40 (56.3) 0.061
Arrest 141 (33.6) 125 (35.8) 16 (22.5) 0.031
Engaged in transactional sex 77 (18.3) 69 (19.8) 8 (11.3) 0.096
Substance use     
Mean number of daily injections 4.4 (3.9) 4.5 (4.0) 3.6 (3.5) 0.064
Receptive sharing of injection equipment 257 (61.2) 230 (65.9) 27 (38.0) 0.000
Began injecting as a minor 83 (19.8) 68 (19.5) 15 (21.1) 0.751
Public drug use 199 (47.4) 178 (51.0) 21 (29.6) 0.001
Use drugs alone 133 (31.7) 94 (26.9) 39 (54.9) 0.000
Experienced overdose, past 6 m 179 (42.6) 158 (45.3) 21 (29.6) 0.015
Drugs used (any route)     
 Heroin 352 (83.8) 296 (84.8) 56 (78.9) 0.215
 Pain relievers (pills) 179 (42.6) 155 (44.4) 24 (33.8) 0.099
 Fentanyl 233 (55.5) 202 (57.9) 31 (43.7) 0.028
 Cocaine 204 (48.6) 171 (49.0) 33 (46.5) 0.699
 Speedball (injection) 161 (38.3) 140 (40.1) 21 (29.6) 0.096
 Crack 228 (54.3) 194 (55.6) 34 (47.9) 0.235
 Crystal methamphetamine 315 (75.0) 268 (76.8) 47 (66.2) 0.060
  1. Significant p-values (P < 0.05) are shown in bold italics
  2. All measures refer to exposure in the past 6 months, except for sociodemographic factors and education level