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Table 3 Logistic regression onto hospital use (N = 432)

From: Drug use, homelessness and health: responding to the opioid overdose crisis with housing and harm reduction services

  Unadjusted Adjusted
  OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Housing unstable (1 = yes) 2.409 1.619–3.586 0.000 2.035 1.289–3.214 0.002
Sex (1 = female) 0.937 0.627–1.400 0.753 0.055 0.006–0.474 0.008
Ethnicity (1 = indigenous) 1.319 0.873–1.963 0.193 1.221 0.757–1.968 0.413
Age 0.99 0.97–1.00 0.117 1.00 0.98–1.02 0.69
Location (1 = medicine hat or red deer) 0.686 0.468–1.007 0.054 0.669 0.429–1.046 0.078
Had an overdose (1 = yes) 3.965 2.584–6.083  < 0.001 3.586 2.206–5.829  < 0.001
How often: polydrug use (1 = 2–3 times/week or more) 1.801 1.223–2.663 0.003 1.108 0.675–1.819 0.684
How often: heavily influenced by drugs (1 = weekly or daily) 1.842 1.144–2.966 0.012 1.298 0.722–2.330 0.383
How often: irresistible longing to use (1 = weekly or daily) 1.519 1.023–2.257 0.038 0.753 0.418–1.359 0.347
How often: unable to stop use (1 = weekly or daily) 1.363 0.924–2.011 0.118 0.767 0.439–1.338 0.350
How often: neglected tasks due to use (1 = weekly or daily) 2.839 1.861–4.334  < 0.001 2.187 1.284–3.726 0.004
How often: feel guilty due to drug use (1 = weekly or daily) 1.661 1.069–2.581 0.024 1.094 0.637–1.878 0.745
Others worry due to use (1 = yes) 2.365 1.292–4.329 0.005 1.728 0.850–3.511 0.131
Diagnosed addiction or mental health concern (1 = weekly or daily) 2.449 1.428–4.200 0.001 1.262 0.634–2.513 0.508
Inadequate access (1 = yes) 1.601 1.086–2.361 0.017 1.283 0.815–2.021 0.282
Inadequate amount (1 = yes) 1.204 0.818–1.773 0.346 1.000 0.638–1.569 0.999
Sex * diagnosed 1.331 0.879–2.015 0.177 22.433 2.466–204.064 0.006
How often: need to use in morning (1 = yes) 1.837 1.206–2.797 0.005*
Hurt due to use (1 = yes) 1.747 1.022–2.987 0.041*
Constant     0.001   
  1. *Not statistically significant in final adjusted regression model